A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC study

Annabel Steirlin, Sara De Leperleere, Greet Cardon, Patricia Dargent-Molina, Belinda Hoffman, Marie Murphy, Aileen Kennedy, Grainne O'Donoughue, Sebastien Chastin, Marieke de Craemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sedentary behaviour (SB) has emerged as a potential risk factor for metabolic health in youth. Knowledge on thedeterminants of SB in youth is necessary to inform future intervention development to reduce SB. A systematicreview was conducted to identify predictors and determinants of SB in youth. Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFOand Web of Science were searched, limiting to articles in English, published between January 2000 and May 2014.The search strategy was based on four key elements and their synonyms: (a) sedentary behaviour, (b) determinants,(c) types of sedentary behaviours, (d) types of determinants. The full protocol is available from PROSPERO (PROSPERO2014:CRD42014009823). Cross-sectional studies were excluded. The analysis was guided by the socio-ecological model.37 studies were selected out of 2654 identified papers from the systematic literature search. Most studies wereconducted in Europe (n = 13), USA (n = 11), and Australia (n = 10). The study quality, using the Qualsyst tool, was highwith a median of 82 % (IQR: 74–91 %). Multiple potential determinants were studied in only one or two studies.Determinants were found at the individual, interpersonal, environmental and policy level but few studies examined acomprehensive set of factors at different levels of influences. Evidence was found for age being positively associatedwith total SB, and weight status and baseline assessment of screen time being positively associated with screen time(at follow-up). A higher playground density and a higher availability of play and sports equipment at school wereconsistently related to an increased total SB, although these consistent findings come from single studies. Evidencewas also reported for the presence of safe places to cross roads and lengthening morning and lunch breaks beingassociated with less total SB. Future interventions to decrease SB levels should especially target children withoverweight or obesity and should start at a young age. However, since the relationship of many determinants with SBremains inconsistent, there is still a need for more longitudinal research on determinants of SB in youth.
LanguageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume12
Issue number133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

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Sports Equipment
Environmental Policy
Lunch
PubMed
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Weights and Measures
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Children
  • Adolescents
  • Youth
  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Screen time
  • Sitting
  • Determinant

Cite this

Steirlin, Annabel ; De Leperleere, Sara ; Cardon, Greet ; Dargent-Molina, Patricia ; Hoffman, Belinda ; Murphy, Marie ; Kennedy, Aileen ; O'Donoughue, Grainne ; Chastin, Sebastien ; de Craemer, Marieke. / A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC study. In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2015 ; Vol. 12, No. 133.
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Steirlin, A, De Leperleere, S, Cardon, G, Dargent-Molina, P, Hoffman, B, Murphy, M, Kennedy, A, O'Donoughue, G, Chastin, S & de Craemer, M 2015, 'A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC study', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 12, no. 133. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0291-4

A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC study. / Steirlin, Annabel; De Leperleere, Sara; Cardon, Greet; Dargent-Molina, Patricia; Hoffman, Belinda; Murphy, Marie; Kennedy, Aileen; O'Donoughue, Grainne; Chastin, Sebastien; de Craemer, Marieke.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 12, No. 133, 01.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A systematic review of determinants of sedentary behaviour in youth: a DEDIPAC study

AU - Steirlin, Annabel

AU - De Leperleere, Sara

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Dargent-Molina, Patricia

AU - Hoffman, Belinda

AU - Murphy, Marie

AU - Kennedy, Aileen

AU - O'Donoughue, Grainne

AU - Chastin, Sebastien

AU - de Craemer, Marieke

PY - 2015/12/1

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KW - Children

KW - Adolescents

KW - Youth

KW - Sedentary behaviour

KW - Screen time

KW - Sitting

KW - Determinant

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DO - 10.1186/s12966-015-0291-4

M3 - Article

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JO - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

T2 - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

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