A survey of current status of and perceived changes required for BIM adoption in the UK

Robert Eadie, Mike Browne, Henry Odeyinka, Clare Mahon, Sean McNiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – Construction organisations are mandated to use Building Information Modelling (BIM)for Government projects from 2016. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current status of the management aspects of BIM.Design/methodology/approach – Following a telephone sift, a web-based questionnaire wasconducted with UK construction BIM experts with 92 responses.Findings – This research demonstrates a paradigm shift in construction as operations were deemedmore important than the technical aspects of BIM Adoption. Respondents agree with enforced Level 2 BIM, demonstrating client demand is a significant driver on uptake. BIM use will substantially increase in the next five years. Ranking of the importance of current BIM standards indicated BS1192 was most used but almost a third adopted individual standards producing fragmentation. BIM’s effect on consultant fees indicated the need for structural change.Practical implications – Front end design via BIM models and clash detection outweighed the usefor facilities management indicating industry were meeting the target but not exploiting BIM to its fullpotential. Design and build and framework arrangements were the most common BIM procurementroutes. Fragmentation of standards use creates a future interoperability problem between BIMsystems.Social implications – Design team structure changes are supported with the adoption of a separateBIM manager being popular. Analysis of industry-wide model hosting characteristics indicatedindividual disciplines managed their own models meaning without an additional target for Level 3 BIM the single model environment is unlikely to be widely adopted.Originality/value – BIM fee structure and procurement are investigated for the first timeKeywords Procurement, BIM, Finance, Management, Collaboration, FeesPaper type Research paper
LanguageEnglish
Pages4-21
JournalBuilt Environment Project and Asset Management
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Finance
Telephone
Interoperability
Industry
Managers
Information modeling
Procurement
Fees
Fragmentation

Keywords

  • Procurement
  • BIM
  • Finance
  • Management
  • Collaboration
  • Fees

Cite this

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title = "A survey of current status of and perceived changes required for BIM adoption in the UK",
abstract = "Purpose – Construction organisations are mandated to use Building Information Modelling (BIM)for Government projects from 2016. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current status of the management aspects of BIM.Design/methodology/approach – Following a telephone sift, a web-based questionnaire wasconducted with UK construction BIM experts with 92 responses.Findings – This research demonstrates a paradigm shift in construction as operations were deemedmore important than the technical aspects of BIM Adoption. Respondents agree with enforced Level 2 BIM, demonstrating client demand is a significant driver on uptake. BIM use will substantially increase in the next five years. Ranking of the importance of current BIM standards indicated BS1192 was most used but almost a third adopted individual standards producing fragmentation. BIM’s effect on consultant fees indicated the need for structural change.Practical implications – Front end design via BIM models and clash detection outweighed the usefor facilities management indicating industry were meeting the target but not exploiting BIM to its fullpotential. Design and build and framework arrangements were the most common BIM procurementroutes. Fragmentation of standards use creates a future interoperability problem between BIMsystems.Social implications – Design team structure changes are supported with the adoption of a separateBIM manager being popular. Analysis of industry-wide model hosting characteristics indicatedindividual disciplines managed their own models meaning without an additional target for Level 3 BIM the single model environment is unlikely to be widely adopted.Originality/value – BIM fee structure and procurement are investigated for the first timeKeywords Procurement, BIM, Finance, Management, Collaboration, FeesPaper type Research paper",
keywords = "Procurement, BIM, Finance, Management, Collaboration, Fees",
author = "Robert Eadie and Mike Browne and Henry Odeyinka and Clare Mahon and Sean McNiff",
note = "Reference text: Aranda-Mena, G., Crawford, J., Chevez, A. and Froese, T. (2009), “Building information modelling demystified: does it make business sense to adopt BIM?”, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 419-434. Arayici, Y., Coates, P., Koskela, L., Kagioglou, M., Usher, C. and O'Reilly, K. (2011), “Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 189-195. Azhar, S. (2011), “Building information modelling (BIM): trends, benefits, risks and challenges for the AEC industry”, Leadership and Management in Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 241-252. Azhar, S., Hein, M. and Sketo, B. (2008), “Building information modeling (BIM): benefits, risks and challenges”, available at: http://ascpro.ascweb.org/chair/paper/CPGT182002008.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Babič, N., Podbreznik, P. and Rebolj, D. (2010), “Integrating resource production and construction using BIM”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 539-543. Bartlett, J, Kotrlik, J. and Higgins, C. (2001), “Organisational research: determining appropriate sample size in survey research”, Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, Vol. 19 No. 1, pp. 43-50. Becerik-Gerber, B., Jazizadeh, F., Li, N. and Calis, G. (2012), “Application areas and data requirements for bim-enabled facilities management”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 138 No. 3, pp. 431-442. Bentley (2012), “About BIM”, available at: www.bentley.com/en-US/Solutions/Buildings/About +BIM.htm (accessed 24 February 2012). Bew, M. and Richards, M. (2008), The BIM Maturity Model, Construct IT Autumn 2008 Members’ Meeting, Brighton. BIM Industry Working Group (BIWG) (2011), “A report for the government construction client group building information modelling (BIM)”, working party strategy paper, BIWG, available at: www.bimtaskgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/BIS-BIM-strategy- Report.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). BIMhub (2012), “Benefits of BIM”, available at: www.bimhub.com/level-up-bim/paas/ (accessed 24 February 2012). Bin, C. and Yu, W. (2010), “BIM’s content and its application in contemporary architectural design”, Proceedings of 2010 International Conference on Management and Service Science (MASS), Wuhan, 24-26 August, pp. 1-4. BIPS (2012), “The Danish BIM guidelines”, BIPS, Oslo, available at: http://iug.buildingsmart.org/ resources/process-room-workshop-21-march-2012/Danish{\%}20BIM{\%}20guidelines{\%} 20Oslo{\%}20March{\%}202012.pdf/view (accessed 24 February 2012). Broquetas, M. (2011), “Using BIM as a project management tool: how can BIM improve the delivery of complex construction projects?”, masters thesis, Stuttgart University of Applied Sciences, Stuttgart. Bruning, S. (2011), “BIM test at ASHRAE HQ”, available at www.ashrae.org/File{\%}20Library/ docLib/Journal{\%}20Documents/2011{\%}20April/028-037_bruning.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). British Standards Institution (BSI) (2010), Constructing the Business Case: Building Information Modelling, British Standards Institution , London. buildingSMART Australasia (2012), “National building information modelling initiative report”, available at: www.innovation.gov.au/Industry/BuildingandConstruction/BEIIC/ Documents/NBIMIReport.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Connaughton, J. (2012), Getting the most out of BIM. A guide for clients, Davis Langdon and Aecom Company, London, available at: http://citaireland.tumblr.com/post/25659370848/ davis-langdon-report-getting-the-most-out-of-bim (accessed 22 December 2014). Crotty, R. (2012), The Impact of Building Information Modelling Transforming Construction, 1st ed., Taylor and Francis, London. Deutsch, R. (2011), BIM and Integrated Design, 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken. Efficiency and Reform Group (ERG) (2011), Government Construction Strategy, Cabinet Office, London. Egan, J. (1998), Rethinking Construction, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), London. European Commission (2014), “What is a SME?”, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ policies/sme/facts-figures-analysis/sme-definition/index_en.htm (accessed 24 February 2012). Fisher, M. (2008), “Reshaping the life cycle process with virtual design and construction methods”, in Brandon, P. and Kocaturk, T. (Eds), Virtual Structures for Design, Construction & Procurement, Blackwell Publishing, Oxon, pp. 104-112. Froese, T. (2010), “The impact of emerging information technology on project management for construction”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 531-538. Furneaux, C. and Kivvits, R. (2008), “BIM – implications for government’, CRC for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, available at: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/26997/ (accessed 24 February 2012). Gelder, J. (2008), “Unifying UNICLASS”, available at: www.thenbs.com/topics/practicemanagement/ articles/unifyingUniclass.asp (accessed 24 February 2012). Gould, L., (2010), “What is BIM […] and should we care?”, Construction Research and Innovation, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 26-31. Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2010), “Value proposition on interoperability of BIM and collaborative working environments”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 522-530. Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2011), “Challenging electronic procurement in the AEC sector: a BIM-based integrated perspective”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 107-114. Holzer, D. (2007), “Are you talking to me? Why BIM alone is not the answer”, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of the Association of Architecture, Schools of Australasia, University of Technology Sydney, available at: http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/ocs/index.php/ AASA/2007/paper/viewFile/48/52 (accessed 22 December 2014). Homayouni, H., Neff, G. and Dossick, C. (2010), “Theoretical categories of successful collaboration and BIM implementation within the AEC industry”, in, Buwanpura, J., Mehamed, Y. and Lee, S. (Eds), Proceedings of Construction Research Congress 2010: Innovation for Reshaping Construction Practice, Banff, Alberta, 8-10 May, pp. 778-788. Howard, R. and Bj{\"o}rk, B. (2008), “Building information modelling – experts’ views on standardisation and industry deployment”, Advanced Engineering Informatics, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 271-280. Ibrahim, M., Krawczyk, R. and Schipporeit, G. (2004), “Two approaches to BIM: a comparative study”, Proceedings of Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, eCAADe 2004 Conference, Copenhagen, September 15-18, pp. 610-616. Jardim-Goncalves, R. and Grilo, A.(2010), “SOA4BIM: putting the building and construction industry in the single European information space”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 4,pp. 388-397. Jung, Y. and Joo, M. (2011), “Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 126-133. Kjartansd{\'o}ttir, I. (2011), “BIM adoption in iceland and its relation to lean construction”, master of science thesis, School of Science and Engineering at Reykjav{\'i}k University, Reykjav{\'i}k, available at: http://skemman.is/item/view/1946/10907 (accessed 24 February 2012). Kymmell, W. (2008), Building Information Modelling: Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations, McGraw Hill, New York, NY. Latham, M. (1994), Constructing the Team, Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO), London. Leite, F., Akinci, B. and Garrett, J. (2009), “Identification of data items needed for automatic clash detection in MEP design coordination”, in Ariaratnam, S. and Rojas, E. (Eds), Proceedings of Construction Research Congress 2009: Building a Sustainable Future, Seattle, DC, April 5-7, pp. 416-425. Lewis, A., Riley, D. and Elmualim, A. (2010), “Defining high performance buildings for operations and maintenance”, International Journal of Facility Management, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 1-16. Lucas, J., Thabet, W. and Bowman, D. (2009), “Analyzing capacity of BIM tools to support data use across project lifecycle”, Proceedings of Managing IT in Construction/Managing Construction for Tomorrow, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, pp. 11-19, available at: http://itc.scix.net/data/works/att/w78-2009-1-54.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). McGraw Hill (2007), Interoperability in the Construction Industry, McGraw Hill, New York, NY. McGraw Hill (2008), “Building information modelling: transforming design and construction to achieve greater industry productivity”, available at: http://ebookbrowse.com/ mcgrawhillconstructionbimsmartmarketreportdecember2008-pdf-d17509570 (accessed 24 February 2012). McGraw Hill (2009), “The business value of BIM: getting building information modeling to the bottom line”, available at: www.bim.construction.com/research/ (accessed February 2013). Mihindu, S. and Arayici, Y. (2008), “Digital construction through BIM systems will drive the re-engineering of construction business practices”, Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Information Visualisation, London, 9-11 July , pp. 29-34. Nawari, N. (2012), “BIM standard in off-site construction”, Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 107-113. OGC (2003), Achieving Excellence Guide 6: Procurement and Contract Strategies, H.M.S.O., London. Riese, M. (2008), “One Island East, Hong Kong: a case study in virtual prototyping”, in Brandon, P. and Kocaturk, T. (Eds), Virtual Structures for Design, Construction & Procurement, Blackwell Publishing, Oxon, pp. 59-71. Sinclair, S. (2012), “Building information modelling (BIM) & English Law, Fenwick Elliot”, available at: www.fenwickelliott.com/files/stacy_sinclair_-_building_information_ modelling__english_law.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Sun, M. and Howard, R. (2004), Understanding IT in Construction, 1st ed., Spon Press, London. Wolstenholme, A., Austin, S., Bairstow, M., Blumenthal, A., Lorimer, J., McGuckin, S., Rhys Jones, S., Ward, D., Whysall, D., Le Grand, Z., Guthrie, W. and Davies, R. (2009), Never Waste A Good Crisis: A Review of Progress Since Rethinking Construction and Thoughts for Our Future, Constructing Excellence, London. Yisa, S. and Edwards, D. (2002), “Evaluation of business strategies in the UK construction engineering consultancy”, Measuring Business Excellence, Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 23-31. Zhang, J. and Hu, Z. (2011), “BIM- and 4D-based integrated solution of analysis and management for conflicts and structural safety problems during construction: 1. Principles and methodologies”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 155-166. Zutshi, A., Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2012), “The business interoperability quotient measurement model”, Computers in Industry, Vol. 63 No. 5, pp. 389-404.",
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A survey of current status of and perceived changes required for BIM adoption in the UK. / Eadie, Robert; Browne, Mike; Odeyinka, Henry; Mahon, Clare; McNiff, Sean.

In: Built Environment Project and Asset Management, Vol. 5, No. 1, 20.01.2015, p. 4-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A survey of current status of and perceived changes required for BIM adoption in the UK

AU - Eadie, Robert

AU - Browne, Mike

AU - Odeyinka, Henry

AU - Mahon, Clare

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N1 - Reference text: Aranda-Mena, G., Crawford, J., Chevez, A. and Froese, T. (2009), “Building information modelling demystified: does it make business sense to adopt BIM?”, International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 419-434. Arayici, Y., Coates, P., Koskela, L., Kagioglou, M., Usher, C. and O'Reilly, K. (2011), “Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 189-195. Azhar, S. (2011), “Building information modelling (BIM): trends, benefits, risks and challenges for the AEC industry”, Leadership and Management in Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 241-252. Azhar, S., Hein, M. and Sketo, B. (2008), “Building information modeling (BIM): benefits, risks and challenges”, available at: http://ascpro.ascweb.org/chair/paper/CPGT182002008.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Babič, N., Podbreznik, P. and Rebolj, D. (2010), “Integrating resource production and construction using BIM”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 539-543. Bartlett, J, Kotrlik, J. and Higgins, C. (2001), “Organisational research: determining appropriate sample size in survey research”, Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, Vol. 19 No. 1, pp. 43-50. Becerik-Gerber, B., Jazizadeh, F., Li, N. and Calis, G. (2012), “Application areas and data requirements for bim-enabled facilities management”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 138 No. 3, pp. 431-442. Bentley (2012), “About BIM”, available at: www.bentley.com/en-US/Solutions/Buildings/About +BIM.htm (accessed 24 February 2012). Bew, M. and Richards, M. (2008), The BIM Maturity Model, Construct IT Autumn 2008 Members’ Meeting, Brighton. BIM Industry Working Group (BIWG) (2011), “A report for the government construction client group building information modelling (BIM)”, working party strategy paper, BIWG, available at: www.bimtaskgroup.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/BIS-BIM-strategy- Report.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). BIMhub (2012), “Benefits of BIM”, available at: www.bimhub.com/level-up-bim/paas/ (accessed 24 February 2012). Bin, C. and Yu, W. (2010), “BIM’s content and its application in contemporary architectural design”, Proceedings of 2010 International Conference on Management and Service Science (MASS), Wuhan, 24-26 August, pp. 1-4. BIPS (2012), “The Danish BIM guidelines”, BIPS, Oslo, available at: http://iug.buildingsmart.org/ resources/process-room-workshop-21-march-2012/Danish%20BIM%20guidelines% 20Oslo%20March%202012.pdf/view (accessed 24 February 2012). Broquetas, M. (2011), “Using BIM as a project management tool: how can BIM improve the delivery of complex construction projects?”, masters thesis, Stuttgart University of Applied Sciences, Stuttgart. Bruning, S. (2011), “BIM test at ASHRAE HQ”, available at www.ashrae.org/File%20Library/ docLib/Journal%20Documents/2011%20April/028-037_bruning.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). British Standards Institution (BSI) (2010), Constructing the Business Case: Building Information Modelling, British Standards Institution , London. buildingSMART Australasia (2012), “National building information modelling initiative report”, available at: www.innovation.gov.au/Industry/BuildingandConstruction/BEIIC/ Documents/NBIMIReport.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Connaughton, J. (2012), Getting the most out of BIM. A guide for clients, Davis Langdon and Aecom Company, London, available at: http://citaireland.tumblr.com/post/25659370848/ davis-langdon-report-getting-the-most-out-of-bim (accessed 22 December 2014). Crotty, R. (2012), The Impact of Building Information Modelling Transforming Construction, 1st ed., Taylor and Francis, London. Deutsch, R. (2011), BIM and Integrated Design, 1st ed., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken. Efficiency and Reform Group (ERG) (2011), Government Construction Strategy, Cabinet Office, London. Egan, J. (1998), Rethinking Construction, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), London. European Commission (2014), “What is a SME?”, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ policies/sme/facts-figures-analysis/sme-definition/index_en.htm (accessed 24 February 2012). Fisher, M. (2008), “Reshaping the life cycle process with virtual design and construction methods”, in Brandon, P. and Kocaturk, T. (Eds), Virtual Structures for Design, Construction & Procurement, Blackwell Publishing, Oxon, pp. 104-112. Froese, T. (2010), “The impact of emerging information technology on project management for construction”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 531-538. Furneaux, C. and Kivvits, R. (2008), “BIM – implications for government’, CRC for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, available at: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/26997/ (accessed 24 February 2012). Gelder, J. (2008), “Unifying UNICLASS”, available at: www.thenbs.com/topics/practicemanagement/ articles/unifyingUniclass.asp (accessed 24 February 2012). Gould, L., (2010), “What is BIM […] and should we care?”, Construction Research and Innovation, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 26-31. Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2010), “Value proposition on interoperability of BIM and collaborative working environments”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 5, pp. 522-530. Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2011), “Challenging electronic procurement in the AEC sector: a BIM-based integrated perspective”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 107-114. Holzer, D. (2007), “Are you talking to me? Why BIM alone is not the answer”, Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of the Association of Architecture, Schools of Australasia, University of Technology Sydney, available at: http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/ocs/index.php/ AASA/2007/paper/viewFile/48/52 (accessed 22 December 2014). Homayouni, H., Neff, G. and Dossick, C. (2010), “Theoretical categories of successful collaboration and BIM implementation within the AEC industry”, in, Buwanpura, J., Mehamed, Y. and Lee, S. (Eds), Proceedings of Construction Research Congress 2010: Innovation for Reshaping Construction Practice, Banff, Alberta, 8-10 May, pp. 778-788. Howard, R. and Björk, B. (2008), “Building information modelling – experts’ views on standardisation and industry deployment”, Advanced Engineering Informatics, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 271-280. Ibrahim, M., Krawczyk, R. and Schipporeit, G. (2004), “Two approaches to BIM: a comparative study”, Proceedings of Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, eCAADe 2004 Conference, Copenhagen, September 15-18, pp. 610-616. Jardim-Goncalves, R. and Grilo, A.(2010), “SOA4BIM: putting the building and construction industry in the single European information space”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 19 No. 4,pp. 388-397. Jung, Y. and Joo, M. (2011), “Building information modelling (BIM) framework for practical implementation”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 126-133. Kjartansdóttir, I. (2011), “BIM adoption in iceland and its relation to lean construction”, master of science thesis, School of Science and Engineering at Reykjavík University, Reykjavík, available at: http://skemman.is/item/view/1946/10907 (accessed 24 February 2012). Kymmell, W. (2008), Building Information Modelling: Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations, McGraw Hill, New York, NY. Latham, M. (1994), Constructing the Team, Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO), London. Leite, F., Akinci, B. and Garrett, J. (2009), “Identification of data items needed for automatic clash detection in MEP design coordination”, in Ariaratnam, S. and Rojas, E. (Eds), Proceedings of Construction Research Congress 2009: Building a Sustainable Future, Seattle, DC, April 5-7, pp. 416-425. Lewis, A., Riley, D. and Elmualim, A. (2010), “Defining high performance buildings for operations and maintenance”, International Journal of Facility Management, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 1-16. Lucas, J., Thabet, W. and Bowman, D. (2009), “Analyzing capacity of BIM tools to support data use across project lifecycle”, Proceedings of Managing IT in Construction/Managing Construction for Tomorrow, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, pp. 11-19, available at: http://itc.scix.net/data/works/att/w78-2009-1-54.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). McGraw Hill (2007), Interoperability in the Construction Industry, McGraw Hill, New York, NY. McGraw Hill (2008), “Building information modelling: transforming design and construction to achieve greater industry productivity”, available at: http://ebookbrowse.com/ mcgrawhillconstructionbimsmartmarketreportdecember2008-pdf-d17509570 (accessed 24 February 2012). McGraw Hill (2009), “The business value of BIM: getting building information modeling to the bottom line”, available at: www.bim.construction.com/research/ (accessed February 2013). Mihindu, S. and Arayici, Y. (2008), “Digital construction through BIM systems will drive the re-engineering of construction business practices”, Proceedings of 2008 International Conference on Information Visualisation, London, 9-11 July , pp. 29-34. Nawari, N. (2012), “BIM standard in off-site construction”, Journal of Architectural Engineering, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 107-113. OGC (2003), Achieving Excellence Guide 6: Procurement and Contract Strategies, H.M.S.O., London. Riese, M. (2008), “One Island East, Hong Kong: a case study in virtual prototyping”, in Brandon, P. and Kocaturk, T. (Eds), Virtual Structures for Design, Construction & Procurement, Blackwell Publishing, Oxon, pp. 59-71. Sinclair, S. (2012), “Building information modelling (BIM) & English Law, Fenwick Elliot”, available at: www.fenwickelliott.com/files/stacy_sinclair_-_building_information_ modelling__english_law.pdf (accessed 24 February 2012). Sun, M. and Howard, R. (2004), Understanding IT in Construction, 1st ed., Spon Press, London. Wolstenholme, A., Austin, S., Bairstow, M., Blumenthal, A., Lorimer, J., McGuckin, S., Rhys Jones, S., Ward, D., Whysall, D., Le Grand, Z., Guthrie, W. and Davies, R. (2009), Never Waste A Good Crisis: A Review of Progress Since Rethinking Construction and Thoughts for Our Future, Constructing Excellence, London. Yisa, S. and Edwards, D. (2002), “Evaluation of business strategies in the UK construction engineering consultancy”, Measuring Business Excellence, Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 23-31. Zhang, J. and Hu, Z. (2011), “BIM- and 4D-based integrated solution of analysis and management for conflicts and structural safety problems during construction: 1. Principles and methodologies”, Automation in Construction, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 155-166. Zutshi, A., Grilo, A. and Jardim-Goncalves, R. (2012), “The business interoperability quotient measurement model”, Computers in Industry, Vol. 63 No. 5, pp. 389-404.

PY - 2015/1/20

Y1 - 2015/1/20

N2 - Purpose – Construction organisations are mandated to use Building Information Modelling (BIM)for Government projects from 2016. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current status of the management aspects of BIM.Design/methodology/approach – Following a telephone sift, a web-based questionnaire wasconducted with UK construction BIM experts with 92 responses.Findings – This research demonstrates a paradigm shift in construction as operations were deemedmore important than the technical aspects of BIM Adoption. Respondents agree with enforced Level 2 BIM, demonstrating client demand is a significant driver on uptake. BIM use will substantially increase in the next five years. Ranking of the importance of current BIM standards indicated BS1192 was most used but almost a third adopted individual standards producing fragmentation. BIM’s effect on consultant fees indicated the need for structural change.Practical implications – Front end design via BIM models and clash detection outweighed the usefor facilities management indicating industry were meeting the target but not exploiting BIM to its fullpotential. Design and build and framework arrangements were the most common BIM procurementroutes. Fragmentation of standards use creates a future interoperability problem between BIMsystems.Social implications – Design team structure changes are supported with the adoption of a separateBIM manager being popular. Analysis of industry-wide model hosting characteristics indicatedindividual disciplines managed their own models meaning without an additional target for Level 3 BIM the single model environment is unlikely to be widely adopted.Originality/value – BIM fee structure and procurement are investigated for the first timeKeywords Procurement, BIM, Finance, Management, Collaboration, FeesPaper type Research paper

AB - Purpose – Construction organisations are mandated to use Building Information Modelling (BIM)for Government projects from 2016. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current status of the management aspects of BIM.Design/methodology/approach – Following a telephone sift, a web-based questionnaire wasconducted with UK construction BIM experts with 92 responses.Findings – This research demonstrates a paradigm shift in construction as operations were deemedmore important than the technical aspects of BIM Adoption. Respondents agree with enforced Level 2 BIM, demonstrating client demand is a significant driver on uptake. BIM use will substantially increase in the next five years. Ranking of the importance of current BIM standards indicated BS1192 was most used but almost a third adopted individual standards producing fragmentation. BIM’s effect on consultant fees indicated the need for structural change.Practical implications – Front end design via BIM models and clash detection outweighed the usefor facilities management indicating industry were meeting the target but not exploiting BIM to its fullpotential. Design and build and framework arrangements were the most common BIM procurementroutes. Fragmentation of standards use creates a future interoperability problem between BIMsystems.Social implications – Design team structure changes are supported with the adoption of a separateBIM manager being popular. Analysis of industry-wide model hosting characteristics indicatedindividual disciplines managed their own models meaning without an additional target for Level 3 BIM the single model environment is unlikely to be widely adopted.Originality/value – BIM fee structure and procurement are investigated for the first timeKeywords Procurement, BIM, Finance, Management, Collaboration, FeesPaper type Research paper

KW - Procurement

KW - BIM

KW - Finance

KW - Management

KW - Collaboration

KW - Fees

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DO - 10.1108/BEPAM-07-2013-0023

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