A summary of the body of knowledge on physical activity for people following stroke: a scoping review

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Background: There are challenges implementing physical activity interventions for people across the stroke pathway of care. There is a need to understand the intervention content in addition to the effects. Objective: This scoping review maps out the existing systematic review evidence in relation to five objectives. Design: Intervention data were extracted to identify and clarify definitions of physical activity as well as key emerging themes, gaps and recommendations for implementation approaches and consensus. Results: 50 systematic reviews fulfilled the predefined inclusion criteria. Most reviews (n = 31) focused on a subset of physical activity rather than day to day physical activity (n = 19). In addition, a description of theories underpinning the interventions were lacking. Only 11 reviews used a definition of physical activity. Physical activity outcome measures were reported in 22 reviews. Conclusions: Better reporting of physical activity interventions is required to improve implementation. Research should include physical activity outcome measures across the stroke pathway. Determining which physical activity modes and parameters of each intervention would be useful in determining the optimal intervention for stroke survivors with different physical activity capacity levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-375
Number of pages30
JournalPhysical Therapy Reviews
Issue number5
Early online date3 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished online - 3 Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) reported there is no funding associated with the work featured in this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Physical activity
  • stroke
  • exercise
  • scoping review
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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