A study of the anti-invasive properties of N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene tripeptide-based metalloprotease inhibitors

S. L. Martin, A. McDowell, J. F. Lynas, J. Nelson, B. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have developed matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitors based on synthetic peptides incorporating a non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere at the site of the putative scissile bond. These inhibitors, N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2) and N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tic-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LTcA-NH2) were kinetically evaluated against the type IV collagenases, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), and compared with an exactly analogous chelating-based inhibitor, N-alpha-mercaptoacetyl-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (HSCH2CO-LYA-NH2). The peptide inhibitors were also tested for their anti-invasive effects on breast carcinoma cell lines using a modification of the Boyden chamber assay. Gelatin zymography was utilized to identify gelatinolytic activities present in media removed from cultured breast cancer cells. Of the two N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-based inhibitors, Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 proved the more effective inhibitor of MMP-2 and MMP-9 (Ki 34.27 and 45.75 microM, respectively). However, when tested against two breast cancer cell lines, T47D and MDA-MB-231, both inhibitors were able to effectively reduce tumour cell invasion through a type IV collagen matrix by up to 91.2%. Of particular interest was the observation that Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 was the most potent inhibitor of invasion by the highly aggressive MDA-MB-231 cells, despite the cells' relative lack of active secreted metalloprotease activity. The results obtained from this kinetic and anti-invasive analysis of the new inhibitors suggest that compounds incorporating the N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-bond isostere may have potential for development as new agents with anti-metastatic properties.
LanguageEnglish
Pages333-343
JournalJOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Volume53
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Metalloproteases
Peptides
Cells
Carbon Monoxide
Collagen Type IV
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
Collagenases
Gelatin
Chelation
N-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene
Tumors
Assays
Kinetics

Cite this

@article{071d4442d4dd4a85a1280c526843e474,
title = "A study of the anti-invasive properties of N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene tripeptide-based metalloprotease inhibitors",
abstract = "We have developed matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitors based on synthetic peptides incorporating a non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere at the site of the putative scissile bond. These inhibitors, N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2) and N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tic-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LTcA-NH2) were kinetically evaluated against the type IV collagenases, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), and compared with an exactly analogous chelating-based inhibitor, N-alpha-mercaptoacetyl-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (HSCH2CO-LYA-NH2). The peptide inhibitors were also tested for their anti-invasive effects on breast carcinoma cell lines using a modification of the Boyden chamber assay. Gelatin zymography was utilized to identify gelatinolytic activities present in media removed from cultured breast cancer cells. Of the two N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-based inhibitors, Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 proved the more effective inhibitor of MMP-2 and MMP-9 (Ki 34.27 and 45.75 microM, respectively). However, when tested against two breast cancer cell lines, T47D and MDA-MB-231, both inhibitors were able to effectively reduce tumour cell invasion through a type IV collagen matrix by up to 91.2{\%}. Of particular interest was the observation that Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 was the most potent inhibitor of invasion by the highly aggressive MDA-MB-231 cells, despite the cells' relative lack of active secreted metalloprotease activity. The results obtained from this kinetic and anti-invasive analysis of the new inhibitors suggest that compounds incorporating the N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-bond isostere may have potential for development as new agents with anti-metastatic properties.",
author = "Martin, {S. L.} and A. McDowell and Lynas, {J. F.} and J. Nelson and B. Walker",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
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journal = "Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology",
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A study of the anti-invasive properties of N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene tripeptide-based metalloprotease inhibitors. / Martin, S. L.; McDowell, A.; Lynas, J. F.; Nelson, J.; Walker, B.

In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY, Vol. 53, No. 3, 2001, p. 333-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of the anti-invasive properties of N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene tripeptide-based metalloprotease inhibitors

AU - Martin, S. L.

AU - McDowell, A.

AU - Lynas, J. F.

AU - Nelson, J.

AU - Walker, B.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - We have developed matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitors based on synthetic peptides incorporating a non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere at the site of the putative scissile bond. These inhibitors, N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2) and N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tic-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LTcA-NH2) were kinetically evaluated against the type IV collagenases, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), and compared with an exactly analogous chelating-based inhibitor, N-alpha-mercaptoacetyl-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (HSCH2CO-LYA-NH2). The peptide inhibitors were also tested for their anti-invasive effects on breast carcinoma cell lines using a modification of the Boyden chamber assay. Gelatin zymography was utilized to identify gelatinolytic activities present in media removed from cultured breast cancer cells. Of the two N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-based inhibitors, Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 proved the more effective inhibitor of MMP-2 and MMP-9 (Ki 34.27 and 45.75 microM, respectively). However, when tested against two breast cancer cell lines, T47D and MDA-MB-231, both inhibitors were able to effectively reduce tumour cell invasion through a type IV collagen matrix by up to 91.2%. Of particular interest was the observation that Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 was the most potent inhibitor of invasion by the highly aggressive MDA-MB-231 cells, despite the cells' relative lack of active secreted metalloprotease activity. The results obtained from this kinetic and anti-invasive analysis of the new inhibitors suggest that compounds incorporating the N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-bond isostere may have potential for development as new agents with anti-metastatic properties.

AB - We have developed matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitors based on synthetic peptides incorporating a non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere at the site of the putative scissile bond. These inhibitors, N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2) and N-alpha-phthaloyl-Gly-psi(CO-CH2)-Leu-Tic-Ala-NH2 (Pht-G-CH2-LTcA-NH2) were kinetically evaluated against the type IV collagenases, gelatinase A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9), and compared with an exactly analogous chelating-based inhibitor, N-alpha-mercaptoacetyl-Leu-Tyr-Ala-NH2 (HSCH2CO-LYA-NH2). The peptide inhibitors were also tested for their anti-invasive effects on breast carcinoma cell lines using a modification of the Boyden chamber assay. Gelatin zymography was utilized to identify gelatinolytic activities present in media removed from cultured breast cancer cells. Of the two N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-based inhibitors, Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 proved the more effective inhibitor of MMP-2 and MMP-9 (Ki 34.27 and 45.75 microM, respectively). However, when tested against two breast cancer cell lines, T47D and MDA-MB-231, both inhibitors were able to effectively reduce tumour cell invasion through a type IV collagen matrix by up to 91.2%. Of particular interest was the observation that Pht-G-CH2-LYA-NH2 was the most potent inhibitor of invasion by the highly aggressive MDA-MB-231 cells, despite the cells' relative lack of active secreted metalloprotease activity. The results obtained from this kinetic and anti-invasive analysis of the new inhibitors suggest that compounds incorporating the N-alpha-phthalimidomethyl-ketomethylene peptide-bond isostere may have potential for development as new agents with anti-metastatic properties.

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 333

EP - 343

JO - Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

T2 - Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

JF - Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

SN - 0022-3573

IS - 3

ER -