A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) a form Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), is a type of Additive Manufacturing (AM) process which has the ability to manufacture complex geometric parts that cannot be produced by traditional means. Ti6AL4V is an α + β titanium alloy and is commonly used within the medical and aerospace industries. It is one of the few technical metal alloys that can be processed by PBF. This contribution will review the issues related to microstructure formation, residual stress, and porosity formation that can arise within Ti6Al4V parts produced by the PBF process. In particular, the influence of the manufacturing process parameters and the presence of defects on the mechanical properties will be reviewed. High thermal gradients and rapid solidification of the molten powder can lead to the development of a martensitic microstructure and other specific defects within the as-built part. Defects have a negative impact upon mechanical properties. Porosity, balling, lack of fusion and delamination are common examples of process-specific defects. The requirement for secondary processing of the additively manufactured components to improve mechanical properties will be reviewed with a particular focus on the requirement for the Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) processing.

Conference

ConferenceThe 35th International Manufacturing Conference
Abbreviated titleIMC35
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period20/06/1820/06/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Fusion reactions
Powders
Defects
Mechanical properties
3D printers
Porosity
Microstructure
Rapid solidification
Hot isostatic pressing
Aerospace industry
Processing
Titanium alloys
Delamination
Thermal gradients
Molten materials
Residual stresses
Melting
Lasers
Metals

Keywords

  • Additive Manufacturing
  • Selective Laser Melting

Cite this

McFadden, S., Quinn, JP., & Harkin, R. (2018). A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V. Paper presented at The 35th International Manufacturing Conference, Dublin, Ireland.
McFadden, S ; Quinn, JP ; Harkin, Ryan. / A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V. Paper presented at The 35th International Manufacturing Conference, Dublin, Ireland.4 p.
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McFadden, S, Quinn, JP & Harkin, R 2018, 'A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V' Paper presented at The 35th International Manufacturing Conference, Dublin, Ireland, 20/06/18 - 20/06/18, .

A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V. / McFadden, S; Quinn, JP; Harkin, Ryan.

2018. Paper presented at The 35th International Manufacturing Conference, Dublin, Ireland.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V

AU - McFadden, S

AU - Quinn, JP

AU - Harkin, Ryan

PY - 2018/7/20

Y1 - 2018/7/20

N2 - Selective Laser Melting (SLM) a form Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), is a type of Additive Manufacturing (AM) process which has the ability to manufacture complex geometric parts that cannot be produced by traditional means. Ti6AL4V is an α + β titanium alloy and is commonly used within the medical and aerospace industries. It is one of the few technical metal alloys that can be processed by PBF. This contribution will review the issues related to microstructure formation, residual stress, and porosity formation that can arise within Ti6Al4V parts produced by the PBF process. In particular, the influence of the manufacturing process parameters and the presence of defects on the mechanical properties will be reviewed. High thermal gradients and rapid solidification of the molten powder can lead to the development of a martensitic microstructure and other specific defects within the as-built part. Defects have a negative impact upon mechanical properties. Porosity, balling, lack of fusion and delamination are common examples of process-specific defects. The requirement for secondary processing of the additively manufactured components to improve mechanical properties will be reviewed with a particular focus on the requirement for the Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) processing.

AB - Selective Laser Melting (SLM) a form Powder Bed Fusion (PBF), is a type of Additive Manufacturing (AM) process which has the ability to manufacture complex geometric parts that cannot be produced by traditional means. Ti6AL4V is an α + β titanium alloy and is commonly used within the medical and aerospace industries. It is one of the few technical metal alloys that can be processed by PBF. This contribution will review the issues related to microstructure formation, residual stress, and porosity formation that can arise within Ti6Al4V parts produced by the PBF process. In particular, the influence of the manufacturing process parameters and the presence of defects on the mechanical properties will be reviewed. High thermal gradients and rapid solidification of the molten powder can lead to the development of a martensitic microstructure and other specific defects within the as-built part. Defects have a negative impact upon mechanical properties. Porosity, balling, lack of fusion and delamination are common examples of process-specific defects. The requirement for secondary processing of the additively manufactured components to improve mechanical properties will be reviewed with a particular focus on the requirement for the Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) processing.

KW - Additive Manufacturing

KW - Selective Laser Melting

M3 - Paper

ER -

McFadden S, Quinn JP, Harkin R. A Review of Powder Bed Fusion for Additively Manufactured Ti-6wt.%Al-4wt.%V. 2018. Paper presented at The 35th International Manufacturing Conference, Dublin, Ireland.