A Rare Motor Neuron Deleterious Missense Mutation in the DPYSL3 (CRMP4) Gene is Associated with ALS

Hélène Blasco, Nathalie Bernard-Marissal, Patrick Vourc'h, Yves Olivier Guettard, Claire Sunyach, Olivier Augereau, Joelle Khederchah, Kevin Mouzat, Catherine Antar, Paul H. Gordon, Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex, Gérard Besson, Peter M. Andersen, F. Salachas, V. Meininger, William Camu, Brigitte Pettmann, Christian R. Andres, P. Corcia, V. PautotG. Nicolas, L. Rumbach, P. Clavelou, N. Guy, G. Besson, A. Destée, V. Brunaud-Danel, P. Couratier, B. Funalot, E. Broussole, C. Vial, N. Vandenberghe, W. Camu, R. Morales, N. Pageot, M. Debouverie, S. Pittion, C. Desnuelle, M. H. Soriani, G. Lemasson, V. Meininger, F. Salachas, P. F. Pradat, M. Dib, G. Bruneteau, N. Leforestier, J. Pouget, A. Verschuren, F. Viader, L. Carluer, C. Tranchant, M. C. Fleury, J. C. Antoine, J. P. Camdessanche, M. C. Arne-Bes, P. Cintas, P. Corcia, J. Praline

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Abstract

The dihydropyrimidinase-like 3 (DPYSL3) or Collapsin Response Mediator Protein 4a (CRMP4a) expression is modified in neurodegeneration and is involved in several ALS-associated pathways including axonal transport, glutamate excitotoxicity, and oxidative stress. The objective of the study was to analyze CRMP4 as a risk factor for ALS. We analyzed the DPYSL3/CRMP4 gene in French ALS patients (n = 468) and matched-controls (n = 394). We subsequently examined a variant in a Swedish population (184 SALS, 186 controls), and evaluated its functional effects on axonal growth and survival in motor neuron cell culture. The rs147541241:A>G missense mutation occurred in higher frequency among French ALS patients (odds ratio = 2.99) but the association was not confirmed in the Swedish population. In vitro expression of mutated DPYSL3 in motor neurons reduced axonal growth and accelerated cell death compared with wild type protein. Thus, the association between the rs147541241 variant and ALS was limited to the French population, highlighting the geographic particularities of genetic influences (risks, contributors). The identified variant appears to shorten motor neuron survival through a detrimental effect on axonal growth and CRMP4 could act as a key unifier in transduction pathways leading to neurodegeneration through effects on early axon development. Twenty-four hours after electroporation, motor neuron survival was decreased to 58 ± 4% (P < 0.001) of expected when expressing mCRMP4 compared with wtCRMP4 or EGFP. Axonal growth, evaluated at 20 hr, was also reduced by 62 ± 10% (P < 0.001) in motor neurons expressing the mutated form of CRMP4 compared with EGFP expressing cells, whereas expression of the wildtype form of CRMP4 did not significantly affect axonal growth (87 ± 7%)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-960
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013

Keywords

  • ALS
  • CRMP4
  • DPYSL3
  • Risk factor

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    Blasco, H., Bernard-Marissal, N., Vourc'h, P., Guettard, Y. O., Sunyach, C., Augereau, O., Khederchah, J., Mouzat, K., Antar, C., Gordon, P. H., Veyrat-Durebex, C., Besson, G., Andersen, P. M., Salachas, F., Meininger, V., Camu, W., Pettmann, B., Andres, C. R., Corcia, P., ... Praline, J. (2013). A Rare Motor Neuron Deleterious Missense Mutation in the DPYSL3 (CRMP4) Gene is Associated with ALS. Human Mutation, 34(7), 953-960. https://doi.org/10.1002/humu.22329