A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

ObjectivesThis study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention.DesignA post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed.MethodsLevels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention. Those who reduced their NEPA by 10% or greater were considered as compensators. Interviews were conducted with older adult compensators (mean age = 58.56 ± 3.88 years; n = 9), employing thematic analysis to identify potential mechanisms of PA compensation.ResultsThe findings suggest that the majority of participants were unaware that they had compensated in their PA, suggesting that this may be a non-volitional process. Most participants perceived PA compensation to hold negative implications for health and well-being. Physiological processes of fatigue and delayed onset of muscle soreness were cited as the principal cause of PA compensation, whereas psychological processes including a drive to be inactive, fear of overexertion, deficient motivation, and perceived time constraints were cited to a lesser extent.ConclusionA range of physiological and psychological compensatory barriers were identified. Implications of and methods to overcome these compensatory barriers are discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages208-224
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Volume23
Issue number1
Early online date24 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Interviews
Physiological Phenomena
Psychology
Myalgia
Fear
Fatigue
Motivation
Health
Drive

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • older adults
  • physical activity guidelines

Cite this

@article{a55f8cf324e941e69a8d01bc19eb3df0,
title = "A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults",
abstract = "ObjectivesThis study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention.DesignA post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed.MethodsLevels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention. Those who reduced their NEPA by 10{\%} or greater were considered as compensators. Interviews were conducted with older adult compensators (mean age = 58.56 ± 3.88 years; n = 9), employing thematic analysis to identify potential mechanisms of PA compensation.ResultsThe findings suggest that the majority of participants were unaware that they had compensated in their PA, suggesting that this may be a non-volitional process. Most participants perceived PA compensation to hold negative implications for health and well-being. Physiological processes of fatigue and delayed onset of muscle soreness were cited as the principal cause of PA compensation, whereas psychological processes including a drive to be inactive, fear of overexertion, deficient motivation, and perceived time constraints were cited to a lesser extent.ConclusionA range of physiological and psychological compensatory barriers were identified. Implications of and methods to overcome these compensatory barriers are discussed.",
keywords = "Physical activity, older adults, physical activity guidelines",
author = "Phillip Gray and Marie Murphy and Alison Gallagher and Simpson, {Ellen EA}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1111/bjhp.12282",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "208--224",
journal = "British Journal of Health Psychology",
issn = "1359-107X",
number = "1",

}

A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults. / Gray, Phillip; Murphy, Marie; Gallagher, Alison; Simpson, Ellen EA.

In: British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 28.02.2018, p. 208-224.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Activity Compensation Among Older Adults

AU - Gray, Phillip

AU - Murphy, Marie

AU - Gallagher, Alison

AU - Simpson, Ellen EA

PY - 2018/2/28

Y1 - 2018/2/28

N2 - ObjectivesThis study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention.DesignA post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed.MethodsLevels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention. Those who reduced their NEPA by 10% or greater were considered as compensators. Interviews were conducted with older adult compensators (mean age = 58.56 ± 3.88 years; n = 9), employing thematic analysis to identify potential mechanisms of PA compensation.ResultsThe findings suggest that the majority of participants were unaware that they had compensated in their PA, suggesting that this may be a non-volitional process. Most participants perceived PA compensation to hold negative implications for health and well-being. Physiological processes of fatigue and delayed onset of muscle soreness were cited as the principal cause of PA compensation, whereas psychological processes including a drive to be inactive, fear of overexertion, deficient motivation, and perceived time constraints were cited to a lesser extent.ConclusionA range of physiological and psychological compensatory barriers were identified. Implications of and methods to overcome these compensatory barriers are discussed.

AB - ObjectivesThis study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention.DesignA post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed.MethodsLevels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention. Those who reduced their NEPA by 10% or greater were considered as compensators. Interviews were conducted with older adult compensators (mean age = 58.56 ± 3.88 years; n = 9), employing thematic analysis to identify potential mechanisms of PA compensation.ResultsThe findings suggest that the majority of participants were unaware that they had compensated in their PA, suggesting that this may be a non-volitional process. Most participants perceived PA compensation to hold negative implications for health and well-being. Physiological processes of fatigue and delayed onset of muscle soreness were cited as the principal cause of PA compensation, whereas psychological processes including a drive to be inactive, fear of overexertion, deficient motivation, and perceived time constraints were cited to a lesser extent.ConclusionA range of physiological and psychological compensatory barriers were identified. Implications of and methods to overcome these compensatory barriers are discussed.

KW - Physical activity

KW - older adults

KW - physical activity guidelines

U2 - 10.1111/bjhp.12282

DO - 10.1111/bjhp.12282

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 208

EP - 224

JO - British Journal of Health Psychology

T2 - British Journal of Health Psychology

JF - British Journal of Health Psychology

SN - 1359-107X

IS - 1

ER -