A potent, non-toxic insulin-releasing peptide isolated from an extract of the skin of the Asian frog, Hylarana guntheri (Anura:Ranidae)

J. Michael Conlon, Gavin J. Power, Yasser Abdel-Wahab, Peter Flatt, Hu Jiansheng, Laurent Coquet, Jerome Leprince, Thierry Jouenne, Hubert Vaudry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peptides in extract of the skin of the Asian frog Hylarana guntheri Boulenger,1882 were purified by reversed-phase HPLC and individual components analysed for their ability to release insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal beta cell line. The most potent peptide identified in the extract belonged to the brevinin-2 family (brevinin-2GUb; GVIIDTLKGAAKTVAAELLRKAHCKLTNSC). Other peptides with weaker insulin-releasing activity belonged to the brevinin-1 (2 peptides), brevinin-2 (2 peptides) and temporin (3 peptides) families. Only the brevinin-1 peptides showed cytolytic activity against the BRIN-BD11 cells, as demonstrated by an increased rate of release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase. A synthetic replicate of brevinin-2GUb produced a significant stimulation of insulin release (139% of basal rate; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-159
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume151
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

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