A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal.

Tejendra Pherali, Alan Smith, Tony Vaux

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

This report provides a political economy analysis of the education sector in Nepal. Political Economy Analysis (PEA) is ‘concerned with the interaction of political and economic processes in society: the distribution of power and wealth between different groups and individuals, and the processes that create, sustain and transform these relationships over time.’ The purpose of this particular study was to understand how political and economic factors affect the implementation of the School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) 2009-15.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages60
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Nepal
political economy
distribution of wealth
distribution of power
political factors
economic factors
education
reform
interaction
school
economics
Group
Society
time

Keywords

  • education policy political economy analysis conflict peacebuilding

Cite this

Pherali, Tejendra ; Smith, Alan ; Vaux, Tony. / A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal. 2011. 60 p.
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title = "A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal.",
abstract = "This report provides a political economy analysis of the education sector in Nepal. Political Economy Analysis (PEA) is ‘concerned with the interaction of political and economic processes in society: the distribution of power and wealth between different groups and individuals, and the processes that create, sustain and transform these relationships over time.’ The purpose of this particular study was to understand how political and economic factors affect the implementation of the School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) 2009-15.",
keywords = "education policy political economy analysis conflict peacebuilding",
author = "Tejendra Pherali and Alan Smith and Tony Vaux",
note = "Reference text: Bhatta, P. (2011) 'Aid agency influence in national education policy-making: a case from Nepal's 'Education for All' movement', Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9: 1, 11 — 26. DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2010.513283 Bennett, L. (2005) Gender, Caste and Ethnic Exclusion in Nepal: Following the Policy Process from Analysis to Action, World Bank Conference Paper BertelsmannStiftung (2009) Bertelsmann Transformation Index (BTI) 2010 – Nepal Country Report, Bertelsmann Stiftung Bonino, F. and A. Donini (2009) Aid and Violence: Development Policies and Conflict in Nepal, Tufts University: Feinstein International Center Bush, K and Saltarelli, D (2000) The Two Faces of Conflict in Ethnic Conflict, UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre, Florence Caddell, Martha (2007) Private Schools and Political Conflict in Nepal. In: Srivastava, Prachi and Walford, Geoffrey eds. Private Schooling in Less Economically Developed Countries: Asian and African Perspectives. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education. Didcot, UK: Symposium, pp. 187–207. Carney, S., Bista, M. and Agergaard, J. (2007) Empowering' the 'local' through education? Exploring community-managed schooling in Nepal', Oxford Review of Education, 33:5, 611 – 628 Central Bureau of Statistics (2003) Population Monograph of Nepal. In Vol. 1. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretariat Central Bureau of Statistics (2004) Nepal living standard survey 2003/2004. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics CERID (2006) Education for All Formative Research Report. Synthesis Report of the case studies conducted in 2006. Tribhuvan University. Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development (CERID) DFID (2002) Conducting Conflict Assessments – Guidance Notes, London: DFID DFID (2009) Political Economy Analysis – How To note, London: DFID Do, Quy-Toan and Lakshmi Iyer (2007) Poverty, Social Divisions, and Conflict in Nepal, Policy Research Working Paper 4228, Washington DC, The World Bank DoE (2010a) School Sector Reform Plan: Status Report 2010, Sanothimi: Department of Education DoE (2010b) Flash I Report 2067 (2010-011), Sanothimi: Department of Education Edwards, R. M. (2011) 'Disconnect and capture of education decentralisation reforms in Nepal: implications for community involvement in schooling', Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9: 1, 67 — 84. DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2010.513532 European Commission (EC) (2008) Analysing and Addressing Governance in Sector Operations, EC Brussels Ferguson, J. (2005) Decomposing Modernity: History and Hierarchy after Development, In A. Loomba, S. Kaul, M. Bunzi, A.M. Burton and J Esty (Eds) Post Colonial Studies and Beyond, 166-181, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Gellner, D. N. (2007) Caste, ethnicity and inequality in Nepal, Economic and Political Weekly May 12: 1823-28 Goodhand, J. (2000) Strategic Conflict Assessment, Nepal, INTRAC Governance and Social Development Resource Centre (GSDRC) (2008) Helpdesk Research Report: Political Economy Methodologies, GSDRC website Gurung, H. (2005) Social Exclusion and Maoist Insurgency. Paper presented at the National Dialogue Conference on the ILO Convention 169 regarding Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, January, Kathmandu. Retrieved on 02 April 2011 from http://ilo-mirror.library.cornell.edu/public/english/standards/norm/egalite/itpp/activity/nepal/maoist.pdf International Crisis Group (2010) Nepal’s Political Rites of Passage, Asia Report No 14, ICG Brussels International Crisis Group (2011) Nepal’s Fitful Peace Process, Update Briefing No 120, ICG Kathmandu/Brussels Jones, S. (2010) Lessons from Political Economy Analysis in Nepal, Oxford Policy Management Lieten, K. (2002) Nepal: Maoist Insurgency against Lopsided Development, In M. Mekencamp, P. van Tongeren and H. van de Veen (Eds) Searching for Peace in Central and South Asia: An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities, pp443-446, London: Lynne Reinner. Miklian, J. (2008) Nepal’s Terai: Constructing an Ethnic Conflict, Oslo: PRIO MoE (2009) School Sector Reform Plan (2009 – 2015), Kathmandu: Ministry of Education Naya Patrika (2011) 75 pertishat bhanda kam talab pauchhan niji vidhyalayaka shikchhakaharu, (Teachers in private schools are paid less than 75 percent), Retrieved on 06 Feb 2011 from http://www.nayapatrika.com/newsportal/{\%}E0{\%}A4{\%}B6{\%}E0{\%}A4{\%}BF{\%}E0{\%}A4{\%}95{\%}E0{\%}A5{\%}8D{\%}E0{\%}A4{\%}B7{\%}E0{\%}A4{\%}BE/21697.html NCED (2063 B.S.) Effectiveness of Primary Teacher Training Programme-2063 (Executive Summary), National Centre for Educational Development, Bhaktapur: Sanothimi Pandey, R., K. C., K, and Wood, H. B. (eds) (1956) Education in Nepal: Report of the Nepal National Education Planning Commission. Kathmandu: College of Education. Ragsdale, T. A. (1989) Once a hermit kingdom: Ethnicity, education and national integration in Nepal. Delhi: Manohar Publications. Rappleye, J. (2011) Different Presumptions about Progress, Divergent Prescriptions for Peace: Connections between Conflict, ‘Development’ and Education in Nepal, In J. Paulson, Education, Conflict and Development, pp59-98, Oxford: Symposium Sharma, Kishore (2006) The Political Economy of Civil War in Nepal, World Development, Vol 34, No 7, pp1237-1253 Shields, R. and J. Rappleye (2008) Differentiation, development, (Dis)Integration: Education in Nepal’s ‘People’s War’. Research in Comparative International Education, 1, http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2008.3.1.91 Smith, A. and T. Vaux (2003) Education, Conflict and International Development, DFID Issues Paper, London Subedi, M (2009) Foreign Aid, Sustainable Development, and the Rapti IRDP. Occassional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology, 9, 231-257 Thapa, D., and B. Sijapati (2004) A kingdom under siege: Nepal's maoist insurgency, 1996 to 2004. London: Zed Books Ltd The Himilayan Times (2010) Youth Migrating, Elders only hope, Retrieved on 23 January 2011 from http://www.thehimalayantimes.com Transparency International (2010) Promoting Transparency in Political Finance –Bangladesh, Indonesia and Nepal, Transparency International UIS (2008) Education in Nepal, UNESCO Institute of Statistics, Available from http://stats.uis.unesco.org. UN (2010) Nepal: UN hails release of all child soldiers by Maoists, Retrieved on 27 Jan 2011 from HTTP://WWW.UN.ORG/APPS/NEWS/ USAID (2007) The Rapti Development Project: Final Evaluation, Washington and Kathmandu: USAID Vaux, T., Smith, A. and S. Subba (2006) Review of Education for All in Nepal from a conflict perspective, London, International Alert Watchlist (2005) Caught in the middle: Mounting violations against children in Nepal's armed conflict. New York: Watchlist on children and armed conflict. World Bank (2001) Nepal: priorities and strategies for education reform. Kathmandu: The World Bank World Bank (2009) Problem-driven Governance and Political Economy Analysis, Washington DC, The World Bank World Bank (2010) Project Performance Assessment Report Nepal, Community School Support Project (CR. 3808), Available from http://www.worldbank.org/",
year = "2011",
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}

A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal. / Pherali, Tejendra; Smith, Alan; Vaux, Tony.

2011. 60 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

TY - BOOK

T1 - A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal.

AU - Pherali, Tejendra

AU - Smith, Alan

AU - Vaux, Tony

N1 - Reference text: Bhatta, P. (2011) 'Aid agency influence in national education policy-making: a case from Nepal's 'Education for All' movement', Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9: 1, 11 — 26. DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2010.513283 Bennett, L. (2005) Gender, Caste and Ethnic Exclusion in Nepal: Following the Policy Process from Analysis to Action, World Bank Conference Paper BertelsmannStiftung (2009) Bertelsmann Transformation Index (BTI) 2010 – Nepal Country Report, Bertelsmann Stiftung Bonino, F. and A. Donini (2009) Aid and Violence: Development Policies and Conflict in Nepal, Tufts University: Feinstein International Center Bush, K and Saltarelli, D (2000) The Two Faces of Conflict in Ethnic Conflict, UNICEF, Innocenti Research Centre, Florence Caddell, Martha (2007) Private Schools and Political Conflict in Nepal. In: Srivastava, Prachi and Walford, Geoffrey eds. Private Schooling in Less Economically Developed Countries: Asian and African Perspectives. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education. Didcot, UK: Symposium, pp. 187–207. Carney, S., Bista, M. and Agergaard, J. (2007) Empowering' the 'local' through education? Exploring community-managed schooling in Nepal', Oxford Review of Education, 33:5, 611 – 628 Central Bureau of Statistics (2003) Population Monograph of Nepal. In Vol. 1. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission Secretariat Central Bureau of Statistics (2004) Nepal living standard survey 2003/2004. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics CERID (2006) Education for All Formative Research Report. Synthesis Report of the case studies conducted in 2006. Tribhuvan University. Research Centre for Educational Innovation and Development (CERID) DFID (2002) Conducting Conflict Assessments – Guidance Notes, London: DFID DFID (2009) Political Economy Analysis – How To note, London: DFID Do, Quy-Toan and Lakshmi Iyer (2007) Poverty, Social Divisions, and Conflict in Nepal, Policy Research Working Paper 4228, Washington DC, The World Bank DoE (2010a) School Sector Reform Plan: Status Report 2010, Sanothimi: Department of Education DoE (2010b) Flash I Report 2067 (2010-011), Sanothimi: Department of Education Edwards, R. M. (2011) 'Disconnect and capture of education decentralisation reforms in Nepal: implications for community involvement in schooling', Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9: 1, 67 — 84. DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2010.513532 European Commission (EC) (2008) Analysing and Addressing Governance in Sector Operations, EC Brussels Ferguson, J. (2005) Decomposing Modernity: History and Hierarchy after Development, In A. Loomba, S. Kaul, M. Bunzi, A.M. Burton and J Esty (Eds) Post Colonial Studies and Beyond, 166-181, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Gellner, D. N. (2007) Caste, ethnicity and inequality in Nepal, Economic and Political Weekly May 12: 1823-28 Goodhand, J. (2000) Strategic Conflict Assessment, Nepal, INTRAC Governance and Social Development Resource Centre (GSDRC) (2008) Helpdesk Research Report: Political Economy Methodologies, GSDRC website Gurung, H. (2005) Social Exclusion and Maoist Insurgency. Paper presented at the National Dialogue Conference on the ILO Convention 169 regarding Indigenous and Tribal Peoples, January, Kathmandu. Retrieved on 02 April 2011 from http://ilo-mirror.library.cornell.edu/public/english/standards/norm/egalite/itpp/activity/nepal/maoist.pdf International Crisis Group (2010) Nepal’s Political Rites of Passage, Asia Report No 14, ICG Brussels International Crisis Group (2011) Nepal’s Fitful Peace Process, Update Briefing No 120, ICG Kathmandu/Brussels Jones, S. (2010) Lessons from Political Economy Analysis in Nepal, Oxford Policy Management Lieten, K. (2002) Nepal: Maoist Insurgency against Lopsided Development, In M. Mekencamp, P. van Tongeren and H. van de Veen (Eds) Searching for Peace in Central and South Asia: An Overview of Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities, pp443-446, London: Lynne Reinner. Miklian, J. (2008) Nepal’s Terai: Constructing an Ethnic Conflict, Oslo: PRIO MoE (2009) School Sector Reform Plan (2009 – 2015), Kathmandu: Ministry of Education Naya Patrika (2011) 75 pertishat bhanda kam talab pauchhan niji vidhyalayaka shikchhakaharu, (Teachers in private schools are paid less than 75 percent), Retrieved on 06 Feb 2011 from http://www.nayapatrika.com/newsportal/%E0%A4%B6%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%95%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B7%E0%A4%BE/21697.html NCED (2063 B.S.) Effectiveness of Primary Teacher Training Programme-2063 (Executive Summary), National Centre for Educational Development, Bhaktapur: Sanothimi Pandey, R., K. C., K, and Wood, H. B. (eds) (1956) Education in Nepal: Report of the Nepal National Education Planning Commission. Kathmandu: College of Education. Ragsdale, T. A. (1989) Once a hermit kingdom: Ethnicity, education and national integration in Nepal. Delhi: Manohar Publications. Rappleye, J. (2011) Different Presumptions about Progress, Divergent Prescriptions for Peace: Connections between Conflict, ‘Development’ and Education in Nepal, In J. Paulson, Education, Conflict and Development, pp59-98, Oxford: Symposium Sharma, Kishore (2006) The Political Economy of Civil War in Nepal, World Development, Vol 34, No 7, pp1237-1253 Shields, R. and J. Rappleye (2008) Differentiation, development, (Dis)Integration: Education in Nepal’s ‘People’s War’. Research in Comparative International Education, 1, http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2008.3.1.91 Smith, A. and T. Vaux (2003) Education, Conflict and International Development, DFID Issues Paper, London Subedi, M (2009) Foreign Aid, Sustainable Development, and the Rapti IRDP. Occassional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology, 9, 231-257 Thapa, D., and B. Sijapati (2004) A kingdom under siege: Nepal's maoist insurgency, 1996 to 2004. London: Zed Books Ltd The Himilayan Times (2010) Youth Migrating, Elders only hope, Retrieved on 23 January 2011 from http://www.thehimalayantimes.com Transparency International (2010) Promoting Transparency in Political Finance –Bangladesh, Indonesia and Nepal, Transparency International UIS (2008) Education in Nepal, UNESCO Institute of Statistics, Available from http://stats.uis.unesco.org. UN (2010) Nepal: UN hails release of all child soldiers by Maoists, Retrieved on 27 Jan 2011 from HTTP://WWW.UN.ORG/APPS/NEWS/ USAID (2007) The Rapti Development Project: Final Evaluation, Washington and Kathmandu: USAID Vaux, T., Smith, A. and S. Subba (2006) Review of Education for All in Nepal from a conflict perspective, London, International Alert Watchlist (2005) Caught in the middle: Mounting violations against children in Nepal's armed conflict. New York: Watchlist on children and armed conflict. World Bank (2001) Nepal: priorities and strategies for education reform. Kathmandu: The World Bank World Bank (2009) Problem-driven Governance and Political Economy Analysis, Washington DC, The World Bank World Bank (2010) Project Performance Assessment Report Nepal, Community School Support Project (CR. 3808), Available from http://www.worldbank.org/

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This report provides a political economy analysis of the education sector in Nepal. Political Economy Analysis (PEA) is ‘concerned with the interaction of political and economic processes in society: the distribution of power and wealth between different groups and individuals, and the processes that create, sustain and transform these relationships over time.’ The purpose of this particular study was to understand how political and economic factors affect the implementation of the School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) 2009-15.

AB - This report provides a political economy analysis of the education sector in Nepal. Political Economy Analysis (PEA) is ‘concerned with the interaction of political and economic processes in society: the distribution of power and wealth between different groups and individuals, and the processes that create, sustain and transform these relationships over time.’ The purpose of this particular study was to understand how political and economic factors affect the implementation of the School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) 2009-15.

KW - education policy political economy analysis conflict peacebuilding

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - A Political Economy Analysis of Education in Nepal.

ER -