A novel gaussian mixture model for classification

Huan Wan, Hui Wang, Bryan Scotney, Jun Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) is a probabilistic model for representing normally distributed subpopulations within an overall population. It is usually used for unsupervised learning to learn the subpopulations and the subpopulation assignment automatically. It is also used for supervised learning or classification to learn the boundary of subpopulations. However, the performance of GMM as a classifier is not impressive compared with other conventional classifiers such as k-nearest neighbors (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), decision tree and naive Bayes. In this paper, we attempt to address this problem. We propose a GMM classifier, SC-GMM, based on the separability criterion in order to separate the Gaussian models as much as possible. This classifier finds the optimal number of Gaussian components for each class based on the separability criterion and then determines the parameters of these Gaussian components by using the expectation maximization algorithm. Extensive experiments have been carried out on classification tasks from general data mining to face verification. Results show that SC-GMM significantly outperforms the original GMM classifier. Results also show that SC-GMM is comparable in classification accuracy to three variants of GMM classifier: Akaike Information Criterion based GMM (AIC-GMM), Bayesian Information Criterion based GMM (BIC-GMM) and variational Bayesian gaussian mixture (VBGM). However, SC-GMM is significantly more efficient than both AIC-GMM and BIC-GMM. Furthermore, compared with KNN, SVM, decision tree and naive Bayes, SC-GMM achieves competitive classification performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-4569-3, 978-1-7281-4568-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-4570-9
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 28 Nov 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, SMC 2019 - Bari, Italy
Duration: 6 Oct 20199 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
ISSN (Print)1062-922X


Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, SMC 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.


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