A Novel CCK-8/GLP-1 Hybrid Peptide Exhibiting Prominent Insulinotropic, Glucose-Lowering, and Satiety Actions With Significant Therapeutic Potential in High-Fat-Fed Mice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and cholecystokinin (CCK) exert important complementary beneficial metabolic effects. This study assessed the biological actions and therapeutic utility of a novel (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8/exendin-4 hybrid peptide compared with the stable GLP-1 and CCK mimetics exendin-4 and (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8, respectively. All peptides significantly enhanced in vitro insulin secretion. Administration of the peptides, except (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 alone, in combination with glucose significantly lowered plasma glucose and increased plasma insulin in mice. All treatments elicited appetite-suppressive effects. Twice-daily administration of the novel (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8/exendin-4 hybrid, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 alone, or (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 in combination with exendin-4 for 21 days to high-fat–fed mice significantly decreased energy intake, body weight, and circulating plasma glucose. HbA1c was reduced in the (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8/exendin-4 hybrid and combined parent peptide treatment groups. Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity also were improved by all treatment modalities. Interestingly, locomotor activity was decreased in the hybrid peptide group, and these mice also exhibited reductions in circulating triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Pancreatic islet number and area, as well β-cell area and insulinotropic responsiveness, were dramatically improved by all treatments. These studies highlight the clear potential of dual activation of GLP-1 and CCK1 receptors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2996-3009
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetes
Volume64
Issue number8
Early online date16 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • GLP-1
  • CCK
  • diabetes
  • hybrid
  • high fat feeding

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Novel CCK-8/GLP-1 Hybrid Peptide Exhibiting Prominent Insulinotropic, Glucose-Lowering, and Satiety Actions With Significant Therapeutic Potential in High-Fat-Fed Mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Profiles

    No photo of Peter Flatt

    Peter Flatt

    Person: Academic

    Cite this