A long-acting, dual-agonist analogue of lamprey GLP-1 shows potent insulinotropic, β-cell protective, and anorexic activities and improves glucose homeostasis in high fat-fed mice

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Abstract

Peptidase-resistant analogues of GLP-1 peptides from sea lamprey and paddlefish ([D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 and [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-paddlefish GLP-1) produced significant (P ≤ 0.05) and concentration-dependent increases in insulin release from BRIN-BD11 clonal β-cells and from isolated mouse islets. Both analogues retained the ability of the native peptides to activate both the GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) and the glucagon receptor (GCGR). [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 significantly (P< 0.001) stimulated proliferation of BRIN-BD11 cells and protected against cytokine-induced apoptosis. Administration of the lamprey analogue (25 nmol/kg body weight) to lean mice up to 4 h before a glucose load improved glucose tolerance and increased plasma insulin concentrations. Twice daily administration of the lamprey GLP-1 analogue to high fat-fed mice for 21 days decreased body weight, food intake, and circulating glucose and insulin concentrations. The analogue significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity with beneficial effects on islet β-cell area and insulin secretory responsiveness. Islet gene expression of Glp1r, Gcgr and Gipr significantly increased. The lamprey GLP-1 analogue shows therapeutic promise for treatment of patients with obesity-related Type 2 diabetes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages110584
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volume499
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2019

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Lampreys
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Homeostasis
Fats
Glucose
Insulin
Petromyzon
Glucagon Receptors
Body Weight
Peptides
Medical problems
Islets of Langerhans
Gene expression
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Insulin Resistance
Peptide Hydrolases
Obesity
Eating
Apoptosis
Cytokines

Keywords

  • Lamprey GLP-1
  • Paddlefish GLP-1
  • Dual agonist
  • type 2 diabetes
  • Obesity
  • insulinotropic

Cite this

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title = "A long-acting, dual-agonist analogue of lamprey GLP-1 shows potent insulinotropic, β-cell protective, and anorexic activities and improves glucose homeostasis in high fat-fed mice",
abstract = "Peptidase-resistant analogues of GLP-1 peptides from sea lamprey and paddlefish ([D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 and [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-paddlefish GLP-1) produced significant (P ≤ 0.05) and concentration-dependent increases in insulin release from BRIN-BD11 clonal β-cells and from isolated mouse islets. Both analogues retained the ability of the native peptides to activate both the GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) and the glucagon receptor (GCGR). [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 significantly (P< 0.001) stimulated proliferation of BRIN-BD11 cells and protected against cytokine-induced apoptosis. Administration of the lamprey analogue (25 nmol/kg body weight) to lean mice up to 4 h before a glucose load improved glucose tolerance and increased plasma insulin concentrations. Twice daily administration of the lamprey GLP-1 analogue to high fat-fed mice for 21 days decreased body weight, food intake, and circulating glucose and insulin concentrations. The analogue significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity with beneficial effects on islet β-cell area and insulin secretory responsiveness. Islet gene expression of Glp1r, Gcgr and Gipr significantly increased. The lamprey GLP-1 analogue shows therapeutic promise for treatment of patients with obesity-related Type 2 diabetes.",
keywords = "Lamprey GLP-1, Paddlefish GLP-1, Dual agonist, type 2 diabetes, Obesity, insulinotropic",
author = "Galyna Graham and {Mc Closkey}, Andrew and Yasser Abdel-Wahab and JM Conlon and PR Flatt",
year = "2019",
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day = "17",
language = "English",
volume = "499",
pages = "110584",
journal = "Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology",
issn = "0303-7207",
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T1 - A long-acting, dual-agonist analogue of lamprey GLP-1 shows potent insulinotropic, β-cell protective, and anorexic activities and improves glucose homeostasis in high fat-fed mice

AU - Graham, Galyna

AU - Mc Closkey, Andrew

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Yasser

AU - Conlon, JM

AU - Flatt, PR

PY - 2019/9/17

Y1 - 2019/9/17

N2 - Peptidase-resistant analogues of GLP-1 peptides from sea lamprey and paddlefish ([D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 and [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-paddlefish GLP-1) produced significant (P ≤ 0.05) and concentration-dependent increases in insulin release from BRIN-BD11 clonal β-cells and from isolated mouse islets. Both analogues retained the ability of the native peptides to activate both the GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) and the glucagon receptor (GCGR). [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 significantly (P< 0.001) stimulated proliferation of BRIN-BD11 cells and protected against cytokine-induced apoptosis. Administration of the lamprey analogue (25 nmol/kg body weight) to lean mice up to 4 h before a glucose load improved glucose tolerance and increased plasma insulin concentrations. Twice daily administration of the lamprey GLP-1 analogue to high fat-fed mice for 21 days decreased body weight, food intake, and circulating glucose and insulin concentrations. The analogue significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity with beneficial effects on islet β-cell area and insulin secretory responsiveness. Islet gene expression of Glp1r, Gcgr and Gipr significantly increased. The lamprey GLP-1 analogue shows therapeutic promise for treatment of patients with obesity-related Type 2 diabetes.

AB - Peptidase-resistant analogues of GLP-1 peptides from sea lamprey and paddlefish ([D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 and [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-paddlefish GLP-1) produced significant (P ≤ 0.05) and concentration-dependent increases in insulin release from BRIN-BD11 clonal β-cells and from isolated mouse islets. Both analogues retained the ability of the native peptides to activate both the GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) and the glucagon receptor (GCGR). [D-Ala2]palmitoyl-lamprey GLP-1 significantly (P< 0.001) stimulated proliferation of BRIN-BD11 cells and protected against cytokine-induced apoptosis. Administration of the lamprey analogue (25 nmol/kg body weight) to lean mice up to 4 h before a glucose load improved glucose tolerance and increased plasma insulin concentrations. Twice daily administration of the lamprey GLP-1 analogue to high fat-fed mice for 21 days decreased body weight, food intake, and circulating glucose and insulin concentrations. The analogue significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity with beneficial effects on islet β-cell area and insulin secretory responsiveness. Islet gene expression of Glp1r, Gcgr and Gipr significantly increased. The lamprey GLP-1 analogue shows therapeutic promise for treatment of patients with obesity-related Type 2 diabetes.

KW - Lamprey GLP-1

KW - Paddlefish GLP-1

KW - Dual agonist

KW - type 2 diabetes

KW - Obesity

KW - insulinotropic

M3 - Article

VL - 499

SP - 110584

JO - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

T2 - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

JF - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

SN - 0303-7207

ER -