A Ladder of Legal Participation for Tribunal Users

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Sir Andrew Leggatt's review of tribunals in 2001 highlighted the role of participation in realising the objective of 'tribunals for users'. This paper critiques the conceptual field of participation partly based on a review of ideas of ‘participation’ as a legal rather than political concept, and partly based on primary research on the participatory experiences of tribunal users. Secondly, it develops the conceptual position that tribunals should be regarded as a ‘hybrid’ form in terms of participation; political insofar as power is at stake, legal insofar as norms and access are at stake, yet with further qualities (in particular as regards user emotional rather than just practical or intellectual experience) that indicate the need to develop a particular sui generis participatory model. Finally, the paper proposes precisely such a model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)x-x
JournalPublic Law
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013


  • Tribunals
  • participation
  • tribunal users

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Ladder of Legal Participation for Tribunal Users'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Activities

    • 1 Publication Peer-review
    • 1 Invited talk

    Modern Law Review (Journal)

    Grainne Mc Keever (Reviewer)

    3 Aug 2020

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPublication Peer-review


    Welfare conditionality, homelessness and the law

    Grainne Mc Keever (Speaker)

    6 Nov 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Research Output

    • 2 Article
    • 2 Other contribution
    • 1 Discussion paper

    Comparing courts and tribunals through the lens of legal participation

    McKeever, G., 10 Apr 2020, In : Civil Justice Quarterly. 39, 3, p. 217-236 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Remote hearings: Litigants in Person and effective participation

    McKeever, G., 2020.

    Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

  • Open Access
  • Cite this