With the rapid development and large-scale uptake of the Internet of Things, smart home is evolving from a vision towards a realistically viable solution for assisted living. Activity recognition is one of the fundamental tasks in order to provide accurate and timely assistance and service. As daily living scenarios are full of similar activities, missing data, and noise, inferring complex activities using knowledge-driven reasoning algorithms suffers from several drawbacks, e.g., real-time raw sensor data segmentation, poor generalization, higher computational complexity, and scalability. To address these problems, this paper proposes a hybrid approach to complex daily activity recognition by merging the first-order logic and probability graphic modeling. Specifically, we develop a novel “Markov logic network” combining data-driven multi-feature and simplified rule-based modeling and inference, thus enabling and supporting the applicability and robustness of daily activity recognition. To evaluate the approach and associated methods, we design a testing scenario with a number of similar activity groups, missing data, or disturbance test datasets in a multi-modeling sensor scene. Initial results show our approach outperforms the traditional approach with a better accuracy in the situations of similar activities with missing data and noise disturbance. Experiments are also conducted to compare the Gibbs sampling and MC-SAT sampling algorithms for Markov logic network, and the results show that the Gibbs is better in our experimental settings.
|Journal||EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Nov 2019|