A HARMONISE’d Approach to Building Security-Driven Urban Resilience: A Call to Arms

J Coafee, J Clarke, P Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose– Resilience is a topical concept in many academic disciplines world-wide and also among practitioners. In Europe, however, the current conceptualisations of urban resilience are highly specific to institutional contexts, national cultures and traditions and emergent risks faced in particular countries and their urban areas. The differences in how urban resilience is understood and applied are important, and yet such differences are only scarcely addressed in current resilience literature. This paper draws from the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration security project HARMONISE – A Holistic Approach to Resilience and Systematic Actions to Make Large Scale Built Infrastructure Secure. Design/methodology/approach– The project develops a comprehensive, multifaceted, yet mutually reinforcing concept for the enhanced security, resilience and sustainability of urban infrastructure and development. As part of the project, 61 experts were interviewed in six European countries (UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Spain and Finland) to establish a comprehensive understanding of the current role and position of resilience in urban-built infrastructure. These interviews elicit the current views of professionals from a number of contributory and competing disciplines. Findings– Results indicate that there is no shared holistic understanding of urban resilience in Europe. The definitions of the concept vary across disciplines. The research identifies that there are a number of existing theoretical and practice gaps that require to be addressed. Originality/value– This paper presents a number of research and practice “gaps” which are being addressed in the HARMONISE project and which require to be addressed by the wider academic and practice communities.
LanguageEnglish
JournalJournal of Financial Management of Property and Construction
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 3 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Resilience
Holistic approach
Urban development
Italy
Institutional context
Sustainability
Germany
Design methodology
Spain
European countries
Finland
Urban infrastructure
Technological development
National cultures
Conceptualization
Ireland
Urban areas

Keywords

  • Holistic Approach
  • Urban Resilience
  • Sustainable Design

Cite this

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title = "A HARMONISE’d Approach to Building Security-Driven Urban Resilience: A Call to Arms",
abstract = "Purpose– Resilience is a topical concept in many academic disciplines world-wide and also among practitioners. In Europe, however, the current conceptualisations of urban resilience are highly specific to institutional contexts, national cultures and traditions and emergent risks faced in particular countries and their urban areas. The differences in how urban resilience is understood and applied are important, and yet such differences are only scarcely addressed in current resilience literature. This paper draws from the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration security project HARMONISE – A Holistic Approach to Resilience and Systematic Actions to Make Large Scale Built Infrastructure Secure. Design/methodology/approach– The project develops a comprehensive, multifaceted, yet mutually reinforcing concept for the enhanced security, resilience and sustainability of urban infrastructure and development. As part of the project, 61 experts were interviewed in six European countries (UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Spain and Finland) to establish a comprehensive understanding of the current role and position of resilience in urban-built infrastructure. These interviews elicit the current views of professionals from a number of contributory and competing disciplines. Findings– Results indicate that there is no shared holistic understanding of urban resilience in Europe. The definitions of the concept vary across disciplines. The research identifies that there are a number of existing theoretical and practice gaps that require to be addressed. Originality/value– This paper presents a number of research and practice “gaps” which are being addressed in the HARMONISE project and which require to be addressed by the wider academic and practice communities.",
keywords = "Holistic Approach, Urban Resilience, Sustainable Design",
author = "J Coafee and J Clarke and P Davis",
note = "Not REF compliant - FP7 project dissemination output only. Reference text: Bosher, L. S. (ed.) (2008) Hazards and the Built Environment: Attaining Built-in Resilience (London: Taylor and Francis) Brand, F. and Jax, K. (2007) ‘Focusing the Meaning(s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object’, Ecology and Society 12: 23 http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art23/ Bruneau, M., Chang, S., Eguchi, R., Lee, G., O’Rourke, T., Reinhorn, A., Shinozuka, M., Tierney, K., Wallace, W. & von Winterfelt, D. (2003) “A Framework to Quantitatively Assess and Enhance the Seismic Resilience of Communities” EERI Spectra Journal 19:733- 752 Coaffee, J. (2010) “Protecting vulnerable cities: the UK resilience response to defending everyday urban infrastructure” International Affairs 86:939-54 Coaffee, J. (2013) “Towards Next-Generation Urban Resilience in Planning Practice: From Securitization to Integrated Place Making” Planning Practice & Reseach 28:323-339 Coaffee, J., & O’Hare, P. (2008). “Urban resilience and national security: the role for planning” Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning 161: 173-182 Coaffee, J., Murakami-Wood, D and Rogers, P. (2008) The Everyday Resilience of the City: How Cities Respond to Terrorism and Disaster, Palgrave/Macmillian Coaffee, J. and Clarke, J. (2015) ‘On securing the generational challenge of urban resilience’, Town Planning Review, 86, 3, 249-55. Coaffee, J. and Lee, P. (2016) Urban Resilience: planning for risk crisis and uncertainty, Palgrave Macmillan Cote, Muriel, and Andrea J. Nightingale. {"}Resilience thinking meets social theory Situating social change in socio-ecological systems (SES) research.{"} Progress in Human Geography 36.4 (2012): 475-489. Davoudi, S., Brooks, E. & Mehmood, A. (2013). Evolutionary resilience and strategies for climate adaptation, Planning Practice & Research, 28:307-322 Davoudi, S. (2012) “Resilience: A Bridging Concept or a Dead End?: Interacting” Planning Theory & Practice 13.2:299-333 Edwards, C. (2009) Resilient Nation (London: Demos). Martin, R. (2012) “Regional economic resilience, hysteresis and recessionary shocks” Journal of Economic Geography 12:1-32 Raco, M. & Street, E. (2011) “Resilience Planning, Economic Change and The Politics of Post-recession Development in London and Hong Kong” Urban Studies, 49:1065-1087. Scott, M., (2013) Living with flood risk, Planning Theory & Practice, 14(1), 103-106. Stumpp, E. M. (2013) New in town? On resilience and ‘Resilient Cities’, Cities 34:164-66 Shaw, K. (2012) “Reframing” Resilience: Challenges for Planning Theory and Practice” Planning Theory & Practice 13:308–312. UNISDR (2012) How to Make Cities More Resilient - A Handbook for Mayors and Local Government Leaders United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva United Nations (2012) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision United Nations, New York. Valdes, H. M, Amaratunga, D. & Haigh, R. (2013) “Making Cities Resilient: From Awareness to Implementation” International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment 4:5-8 Walker, J. & Cooper, M. (2011) “Genealogies of resilience: From systems ecology to the political economy of crisis adaptation” Security Dialogue 42: 143–160 White, I and O’Hare, P. (2014) ‘From rhetoric to reality: which resilience, why resilience, and whose resilience in spatial planning?’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 32, 934-950. Wilkinson, C. (2011) “Social-ecological resilience: Insights and issues for planning theory” Planning Theory 11:148-169",
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A HARMONISE’d Approach to Building Security-Driven Urban Resilience: A Call to Arms. / Coafee, J; Clarke, J; Davis, P.

In: Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, Vol. 21, No. 1, 03.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A HARMONISE’d Approach to Building Security-Driven Urban Resilience: A Call to Arms

AU - Coafee, J

AU - Clarke, J

AU - Davis, P

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AB - Purpose– Resilience is a topical concept in many academic disciplines world-wide and also among practitioners. In Europe, however, the current conceptualisations of urban resilience are highly specific to institutional contexts, national cultures and traditions and emergent risks faced in particular countries and their urban areas. The differences in how urban resilience is understood and applied are important, and yet such differences are only scarcely addressed in current resilience literature. This paper draws from the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration security project HARMONISE – A Holistic Approach to Resilience and Systematic Actions to Make Large Scale Built Infrastructure Secure. Design/methodology/approach– The project develops a comprehensive, multifaceted, yet mutually reinforcing concept for the enhanced security, resilience and sustainability of urban infrastructure and development. As part of the project, 61 experts were interviewed in six European countries (UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Spain and Finland) to establish a comprehensive understanding of the current role and position of resilience in urban-built infrastructure. These interviews elicit the current views of professionals from a number of contributory and competing disciplines. Findings– Results indicate that there is no shared holistic understanding of urban resilience in Europe. The definitions of the concept vary across disciplines. The research identifies that there are a number of existing theoretical and practice gaps that require to be addressed. Originality/value– This paper presents a number of research and practice “gaps” which are being addressed in the HARMONISE project and which require to be addressed by the wider academic and practice communities.

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KW - Urban Resilience

KW - Sustainable Design

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