A critical evaluation of the application of capillary electrophoresis to the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepine tranquilizers in formulations and body materials

Franklin Smyth, Stephen McClean

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of the capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) behaviour of 1,4-benzodiazepines have seen application in subject areas such as the development of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic toxicology. In the development of pharmaceuticals, pK(a) determinations by CZE can be used in preclinical studies whereas analytical data on the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines is of value primarily in raw material/formulation assay and in the analysis of body fluids in clinical studies. The capillary electrophoresis (CE) techniques, which generally have inferior limits of detection (LOD) to rival techniques such as gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), are particularly applicable in forensic toxicology where reasonably high concentrations of these drugs can be encountered. It is anticipated that, with the interfacing of CZE: and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) with mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, the excellent selectivity of CZE and particularly CEC will be effectively combined with the sensitivity of MS and the identification capabilities of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and MS hyphenated (MSn) techniques.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2870-2882
JournalElectrophoresis
Volume19
Issue number16-17
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998

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Capillary electrophoresis
Mass spectrometry
Electrophoresis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Body fluids
High performance liquid chromatography
Chromatography
Gas chromatography
Bz-423
Assays
Raw materials
Monitoring

Cite this

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title = "A critical evaluation of the application of capillary electrophoresis to the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepine tranquilizers in formulations and body materials",
abstract = "Studies of the capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) behaviour of 1,4-benzodiazepines have seen application in subject areas such as the development of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic toxicology. In the development of pharmaceuticals, pK(a) determinations by CZE can be used in preclinical studies whereas analytical data on the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines is of value primarily in raw material/formulation assay and in the analysis of body fluids in clinical studies. The capillary electrophoresis (CE) techniques, which generally have inferior limits of detection (LOD) to rival techniques such as gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), are particularly applicable in forensic toxicology where reasonably high concentrations of these drugs can be encountered. It is anticipated that, with the interfacing of CZE: and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) with mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, the excellent selectivity of CZE and particularly CEC will be effectively combined with the sensitivity of MS and the identification capabilities of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and MS hyphenated (MSn) techniques.",
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AU - Smyth, Franklin

AU - McClean, Stephen

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N2 - Studies of the capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) behaviour of 1,4-benzodiazepines have seen application in subject areas such as the development of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic toxicology. In the development of pharmaceuticals, pK(a) determinations by CZE can be used in preclinical studies whereas analytical data on the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines is of value primarily in raw material/formulation assay and in the analysis of body fluids in clinical studies. The capillary electrophoresis (CE) techniques, which generally have inferior limits of detection (LOD) to rival techniques such as gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), are particularly applicable in forensic toxicology where reasonably high concentrations of these drugs can be encountered. It is anticipated that, with the interfacing of CZE: and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) with mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, the excellent selectivity of CZE and particularly CEC will be effectively combined with the sensitivity of MS and the identification capabilities of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and MS hyphenated (MSn) techniques.

AB - Studies of the capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) behaviour of 1,4-benzodiazepines have seen application in subject areas such as the development of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic drug monitoring and forensic toxicology. In the development of pharmaceuticals, pK(a) determinations by CZE can be used in preclinical studies whereas analytical data on the detection and determination of 1,4-benzodiazepines is of value primarily in raw material/formulation assay and in the analysis of body fluids in clinical studies. The capillary electrophoresis (CE) techniques, which generally have inferior limits of detection (LOD) to rival techniques such as gas chromatography (GC) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), are particularly applicable in forensic toxicology where reasonably high concentrations of these drugs can be encountered. It is anticipated that, with the interfacing of CZE: and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) with mass spectrometry (MS) techniques, the excellent selectivity of CZE and particularly CEC will be effectively combined with the sensitivity of MS and the identification capabilities of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and MS hyphenated (MSn) techniques.

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