Part of the psychiatric scientific literature until the end of the 20th century has suggested deficits in metaphor production and comprehension by patients with schizophrenia. However, Cognitive Linguistics studies gave rise to understanding human language as inherently metaphorical. In this work, the speeches of five schizophrenic patients are analysed aiming to investigate the figurative language production. Three data analysis procedures were used: the Metaphor Identification Procedure; the Metaphor Annotation for Source-Target Domain Mappings and the consecutive qualitative conclusion of connotatively identified fragments. Results revealed that schizophrenic patients produced both conceptual metaphors and metonymies: on average, 2.4% of their speech were figurative expressions, 10.6% of which being creative. Among mappings, 31.5% concerned the conceptual metaphor “abstract concept is physical entity”, whereas 4.8% concerned metonymy “institution for people responsible”. Thus, as language is a consequence of cognition settled in interaction with a culture, the schizophrenic speech reveals some level of metaphoric and metonymic cognition.
|Translated title of the contribution||A Conceptual Metaphor Theory analysis of the use of metaphors and metonymies by schizophrenia patients|
|Journal||Ciências & Cognição|
|Early online date||30 Jun 2017|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2017|
- figurative language
- cognitive linguistics