A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey

Shevlin Mark, P. Hyland, F. Vallières, J. Bisson, N. Makhashvili, J. Javakhishvili, M. Shpiker, B. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the WorldHealth Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumaticstress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 andICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disabilityassociated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representativesample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSDprevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the InternationalTrauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using theGeneralized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression.Disability was measured using the WHO Disability AssessmentSchedule 2.0.Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using bothcriteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability andcomorbidity.Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited toidentifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.
LanguageEnglish
Pages138-147
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume137
Issue number2
Early online date5 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Health Surveys
Comorbidity
Mental Health
Inosine Diphosphate
Anxiety Disorders
Checklist
Anxiety
Organizations
Depression
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • DSM-5
  • ICD-11
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Internally displaced persons.

Cite this

Mark, Shevlin ; Hyland, P. ; Vallières, F. ; Bisson, J. ; Makhashvili, N. ; Javakhishvili, J. ; Shpiker, M. ; Roberts, B. / A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey. In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2018 ; Vol. 137, No. 2. pp. 138-147.
@article{7e393c58c62740abb804164d267c852c,
title = "A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey",
abstract = "Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the WorldHealth Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumaticstress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 andICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disabilityassociated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representativesample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSDprevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the InternationalTrauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using theGeneralized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression.Disability was measured using the WHO Disability AssessmentSchedule 2.0.Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4{\%}) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0{\%}), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using bothcriteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability andcomorbidity.Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited toidentifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.",
keywords = "Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), DSM-5, ICD-11, Depression, Anxiety, Internally displaced persons.",
author = "Shevlin Mark and P. Hyland and F. Valli{\`e}res and J. Bisson and N. Makhashvili and J. Javakhishvili and M. Shpiker and B. Roberts",
note = "UIR Compliant - evidence uploaded to other files",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1111/acps.12840",
language = "English",
volume = "137",
pages = "138--147",
journal = "Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-690X",
number = "2",

}

A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey. / Mark, Shevlin; Hyland, P.; Vallières, F.; Bisson, J.; Makhashvili, N.; Javakhishvili, J.; Shpiker, M.; Roberts, B.

In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 137, No. 2, 28.02.2018, p. 138-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey

AU - Mark, Shevlin

AU - Hyland, P.

AU - Vallières, F.

AU - Bisson, J.

AU - Makhashvili, N.

AU - Javakhishvili, J.

AU - Shpiker, M.

AU - Roberts, B.

N1 - UIR Compliant - evidence uploaded to other files

PY - 2018/2/28

Y1 - 2018/2/28

N2 - Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the WorldHealth Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumaticstress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 andICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disabilityassociated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representativesample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSDprevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the InternationalTrauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using theGeneralized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression.Disability was measured using the WHO Disability AssessmentSchedule 2.0.Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using bothcriteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability andcomorbidity.Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited toidentifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.

AB - Objective: Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the WorldHealth Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of posttraumaticstress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 andICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disabilityassociated with each diagnosis. Method: This study was based on a representativesample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2,203). PTSDprevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the InternationalTrauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using theGeneralized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health QuestionnaireDepression.Disability was measured using the WHO Disability AssessmentSchedule 2.0.Results: The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using bothcriteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability andcomorbidity.Conclusion: The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited toidentifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.

KW - Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

KW - DSM-5

KW - ICD-11

KW - Depression

KW - Anxiety

KW - Internally displaced persons.

U2 - 10.1111/acps.12840

DO - 10.1111/acps.12840

M3 - Article

VL - 137

SP - 138

EP - 147

JO - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

T2 - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-690X

IS - 2

ER -