A case study approach to the examination of a telephone-based health coaching intervention in facilitating behaviour change for adults with Type 2 diabetes

Helen McGloin, Fiona Timmins, Vivien Coates, JRP Boore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims and objectives
This study aims to examine the effectiveness of the use of telephone empowerment-based health coaching as a cost-effective alternative to changing health behaviours of adults with Type 2 diabetes.
Background
Guidelines regarding lifestyle management to reduce the risk of complications in diabetes include changing patterns of eating, physical activity and smoking cessation. Traditional education/behavioural methods of support for behaviour change reveal mixed and mainly short-term effects.
Design
A mixed method case study approach was used (n = 10).
Methods
Data were collected by means of physiological measurements survey and focus group interview both before and after telephone a coaching intervention.
Results
Participants took greater responsibility for health and revealed high self-efficacy scores. Short-term benefits were seen in physiological variables at three months but these deteriorated with the cessation of the intervention indicating the need for continuous support.
Conclusion
Telephone coaching is a cost-effective approach to supporting health behaviour change for those with diabetes. It embraces the principles of empowerment and warrants further evaluation in supporting long-term behavioural changes. As such coaching emerges as a suitable proposition for this cohort.
Relevance to clinical practice
Health coaching has a positive impact on health behaviours for those with diabetes. Health coaching facilitates an increase in personal control of health and builds confidence in self-managing diabetes. Patients feel really supported and become motivated towards self-care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1257
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume24
Issue number9-10
Early online date16 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • diabetes
  • education
  • empowerment
  • lifestyle
  • nursing

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