A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys

C.A. Howe, R.A. Harris, B Gutin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective. To determine if a 10-month after-school physical activity (PA) intervention could prevent deleterious changes in body composition and cardiovascular (CV) fitness in young black boys. Methods. Following baseline measures, 106 boys (8–12 yrs) were randomized to either a control group or an intervention group, further divided into attenders (ATT) and nonattenders (NATT), participating in ≥60% or
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages1-8
    JournalJournal of Obesity
    Volume2011
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2010

    Fingerprint

    Body Composition
    Exercise
    Control Groups

    Cite this

    Howe, C.A. ; Harris, R.A. ; Gutin, B. / A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys. In: Journal of Obesity. 2010 ; Vol. 2011. pp. 1-8.
    @article{4395cfb2aac54be8b3cc1a497ba221fc,
    title = "A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys",
    abstract = "Objective. To determine if a 10-month after-school physical activity (PA) intervention could prevent deleterious changes in body composition and cardiovascular (CV) fitness in young black boys. Methods. Following baseline measures, 106 boys (8–12 yrs) were randomized to either a control group or an intervention group, further divided into attenders (ATT) and nonattenders (NATT), participating in ≥60{\%} or",
    author = "C.A. Howe and R.A. Harris and B Gutin",
    note = "Reference text: 1.C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, and K. M. Flegal, “High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, 2003–2006,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 299, no. 20, pp. 2401–2405, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 2.P. T. Katzmarzyk, L. A. Baur, S. N. Blair, E. V. Lambert, J. M. Oppert, and C. Riddoch, “Expert panel report from the International Conference on Physical Activity and Obesity in Children, 24–27 June 2007, Toronto, Ontario: summary statement and recommendations,” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 371–388, 2008. 3.W. H. Dietz, “Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 518–525, 1998. View at Scopus 4.D. S. Freedman, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 1175–1182, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 5.W. H. Dietz, “Overweight and precursors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 453–454, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 6.O. Pinhas-Hamiel, L. M. Dolan, S. R. Daniels, D. Standiford, P. R. Khoury, and P. Zeitler, “Increased incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 5, pp. 608–615, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 7.A. Fagot-Campagna, K. M. Venkat Narayan, and G. Imperatore, “Type 2 diabetes in children,” British Medical Journal, vol. 322, no. 7283, pp. 377–378, 2001. 8.M. I. Goran, “Metabolic precursors and effects of obesity in children: a decade of progress, 1990-1991,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 158–171, 2001. View at Scopus 9.R. P. Troiano, D. Berrigan, K. W. Dodd, L. C. M{\^a}sse, T. Tilert, and M. Mcdowell, “Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 181–188, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 10.L. H. Epstein, J. N. Roemmich, J. L. Robinson et al., “A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 239–245, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 11.T. N. Robinson, “Behavioural treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, supplement 2, pp. S52–S57, 1999. 12.D. R. Bassett Jr., M. S. Tremblay, D. W. Esliger, J. L. Copeland, J. D. Barnes, and G. E. Huntington, “Physical activity and body mass index of children in an old order Amish community,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 410–415, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 13.M. S. Tremblay, J. D. Barnes, J. L. Copeland, and D. W. Esliger, “Conquering childhood inactivity: is the answer in the past?” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1187–1194, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 14.B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries, and P. Barbeau, “Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 746–750, 2005. View at Scopus 15.B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries et al., “Relations of body fatness and cardiovascular fitness to lipid profile in black and white adolescents,” Pediatric Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 78–82, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 16.A. Stunkard and J. Pestka, “The physical activity of obesegirls,” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 103, pp. 812–817, 1962. 17.L. H. Epstein, A. M. Valoski, L. S. Vara et al., “Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children,” Health Psychology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 1995. View at Scopus 18.L. S. Vara and L. H. Epstein, “Laboratory assessment of choice between exercise or sedentary behaviors,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 356–360, 1993. View at Scopus 19.B. Gutin, P. Barbeau, S. Owens et al., “Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular fitness, total body composition, and visceral adiposity of obese adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 818–826, 2002. View at Scopus 20.M. A. Ferguson, B. Gutin, N.-A. Le et al., “Effects of exercise training and its cessation on components of the insulin resistance syndrome in obese children,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 889–895, 1999. 21.R. V. Luepker, C. L. Perry, S. M. McKinlay et al., “Outcomes of a field trial to improve children's dietary patterns and physical activity: the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 275, no. 10, pp. 768–776, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar 22.N. F. Butte, E. Christiansen, and T. I. A. S{\o}rensen, “Energy imbalance underlying the development of childhood obesity,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 3056–3066, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 23.Y. C. Wang, S. L. Gortmaker, A. M. Sobol, and K. M. Kuntz, “Estimating the energy gap among US children: a counterfactual approach,” Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. e1721–e1733, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 24.W. A. Marshall, “Growth and maturity,” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 517–518, 1969. View at Scopus 25.W. A. Marshall and J. M. Tanner, “Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 45, no. 239, pp. 13–23, 1970. View at Scopus 26.R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, L. M. Grummer-Strawn et al., “CDC growth charts: United States,” Advance Data, no. 314, pp. 1–27, 2000. View at Scopus 27.D. A. Cunningham, B. M. Van Waterschoot, and D. H. Paterson, “Reliability and reproducibility of maximal oxygen uptake measurement in children,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 104–108, 1977. 28.J. F. Sallis, P. R. Nader, S. L. Broyles et al., “Correlates of physical activity at home in mexican-american and anglo-american preschool children,” Health Psychology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 390–398, 1993. View at Scopus 29.P. Barbeau, M. H. Johnson, C. A. Howe et al., “Ten months of exercise improves general and visceral adiposity, bone, and fitness in black girls,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2077–2085, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 30.R. M. Malina, C. Bouchard, and O. Bar-Or, Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2004. 31.J. O. Hill, H. R. Wyatt, G. W. Reed, and J. C. Peters, “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science, vol. 299, no. 5608, pp. 853–855, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 32.D. E. R. Warburton, C. W. Nicol, and S. S. D. Bredin, “Prescribing exercise as preventive therapy,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 174, no. 7, pp. 961–974, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 33.D. Moliner-Urdiales, J. R. Ruiz, F. B. Ortega et al., “Association of objectively assessed physical activity with total and central body fat in Spanish adolescents; The HELENA Study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1126–1135, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar 34.J. Dollman and T. S. Olds, “Secular changes in fatness and fat distribution in Australian children matched for body size,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 109–113, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 35.B. Gutin, N. Cucuzzo, S. Islam, C. Smith, and M. E. Stachura, “Physical training, lifestyle education, and coronary risk factors in obese girls,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 36.M. S. Litaker, P. Barbeau, M. C. Humphries, and B. Gutin, “Comparison of hologic QDR-1000/W and 4500W DXA scanners in 13- To 18-year olds,” Obesity Research, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1545–1552, 2003. View at Scopus 37. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report,” Washington, DC, USA, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, pp. 15–20, U.S. GPO, Washington, DC, USA, 2008. 38.J. F. Sallis and B. E. Saelens, “Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Research quarterly for exercise and sport,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 71, supplement 2, pp. 1–14, 2000. View at Scopus",
    year = "2010",
    month = "8",
    day = "31",
    doi = "10.1155/2011/358581",
    language = "English",
    volume = "2011",
    pages = "1--8",
    journal = "Journal of Obesity",
    issn = "2090-0708",

    }

    A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys. / Howe, C.A.; Harris, R.A.; Gutin, B.

    In: Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2011, 31.08.2010, p. 1-8.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A 10-Month Physical Activity Intervention Improves Body Composition in Young Black Boys

    AU - Howe, C.A.

    AU - Harris, R.A.

    AU - Gutin, B

    N1 - Reference text: 1.C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, and K. M. Flegal, “High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, 2003–2006,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 299, no. 20, pp. 2401–2405, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 2.P. T. Katzmarzyk, L. A. Baur, S. N. Blair, E. V. Lambert, J. M. Oppert, and C. Riddoch, “Expert panel report from the International Conference on Physical Activity and Obesity in Children, 24–27 June 2007, Toronto, Ontario: summary statement and recommendations,” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 371–388, 2008. 3.W. H. Dietz, “Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 518–525, 1998. View at Scopus 4.D. S. Freedman, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 1175–1182, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 5.W. H. Dietz, “Overweight and precursors of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 453–454, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 6.O. Pinhas-Hamiel, L. M. Dolan, S. R. Daniels, D. Standiford, P. R. Khoury, and P. Zeitler, “Increased incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 128, no. 5, pp. 608–615, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 7.A. Fagot-Campagna, K. M. Venkat Narayan, and G. Imperatore, “Type 2 diabetes in children,” British Medical Journal, vol. 322, no. 7283, pp. 377–378, 2001. 8.M. I. Goran, “Metabolic precursors and effects of obesity in children: a decade of progress, 1990-1991,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 158–171, 2001. View at Scopus 9.R. P. Troiano, D. Berrigan, K. W. Dodd, L. C. Mâsse, T. Tilert, and M. Mcdowell, “Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 181–188, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 10.L. H. Epstein, J. N. Roemmich, J. L. Robinson et al., “A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 162, no. 3, pp. 239–245, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 11.T. N. Robinson, “Behavioural treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, supplement 2, pp. S52–S57, 1999. 12.D. R. Bassett Jr., M. S. Tremblay, D. W. Esliger, J. L. Copeland, J. D. Barnes, and G. E. Huntington, “Physical activity and body mass index of children in an old order Amish community,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 410–415, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 13.M. S. Tremblay, J. D. Barnes, J. L. Copeland, and D. W. Esliger, “Conquering childhood inactivity: is the answer in the past?” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1187–1194, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 14.B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries, and P. Barbeau, “Relations of moderate and vigorous physical activity to fitness and fatness in adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 746–750, 2005. View at Scopus 15.B. Gutin, Z. Yin, M. C. Humphries et al., “Relations of body fatness and cardiovascular fitness to lipid profile in black and white adolescents,” Pediatric Research, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 78–82, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 16.A. Stunkard and J. Pestka, “The physical activity of obesegirls,” American Journal of Diseases of Children, vol. 103, pp. 812–817, 1962. 17.L. H. Epstein, A. M. Valoski, L. S. Vara et al., “Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children,” Health Psychology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 1995. View at Scopus 18.L. S. Vara and L. H. Epstein, “Laboratory assessment of choice between exercise or sedentary behaviors,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 356–360, 1993. View at Scopus 19.B. Gutin, P. Barbeau, S. Owens et al., “Effects of exercise intensity on cardiovascular fitness, total body composition, and visceral adiposity of obese adolescents,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 818–826, 2002. View at Scopus 20.M. A. Ferguson, B. Gutin, N.-A. Le et al., “Effects of exercise training and its cessation on components of the insulin resistance syndrome in obese children,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 889–895, 1999. 21.R. V. Luepker, C. L. Perry, S. M. McKinlay et al., “Outcomes of a field trial to improve children's dietary patterns and physical activity: the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH),” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 275, no. 10, pp. 768–776, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar 22.N. F. Butte, E. Christiansen, and T. I. A. Sørensen, “Energy imbalance underlying the development of childhood obesity,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 3056–3066, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 23.Y. C. Wang, S. L. Gortmaker, A. M. Sobol, and K. M. Kuntz, “Estimating the energy gap among US children: a counterfactual approach,” Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 6, pp. e1721–e1733, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 24.W. A. Marshall, “Growth and maturity,” Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 517–518, 1969. View at Scopus 25.W. A. Marshall and J. M. Tanner, “Variations in the pattern of pubertal changes in boys,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 45, no. 239, pp. 13–23, 1970. View at Scopus 26.R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, L. M. Grummer-Strawn et al., “CDC growth charts: United States,” Advance Data, no. 314, pp. 1–27, 2000. View at Scopus 27.D. A. Cunningham, B. M. Van Waterschoot, and D. H. Paterson, “Reliability and reproducibility of maximal oxygen uptake measurement in children,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 104–108, 1977. 28.J. F. Sallis, P. R. Nader, S. L. Broyles et al., “Correlates of physical activity at home in mexican-american and anglo-american preschool children,” Health Psychology, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 390–398, 1993. View at Scopus 29.P. Barbeau, M. H. Johnson, C. A. Howe et al., “Ten months of exercise improves general and visceral adiposity, bone, and fitness in black girls,” Obesity, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2077–2085, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 30.R. M. Malina, C. Bouchard, and O. Bar-Or, Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2004. 31.J. O. Hill, H. R. Wyatt, G. W. Reed, and J. C. Peters, “Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here?” Science, vol. 299, no. 5608, pp. 853–855, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 32.D. E. R. Warburton, C. W. Nicol, and S. S. D. Bredin, “Prescribing exercise as preventive therapy,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 174, no. 7, pp. 961–974, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 33.D. Moliner-Urdiales, J. R. Ruiz, F. B. Ortega et al., “Association of objectively assessed physical activity with total and central body fat in Spanish adolescents; The HELENA Study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1126–1135, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar 34.J. Dollman and T. S. Olds, “Secular changes in fatness and fat distribution in Australian children matched for body size,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 109–113, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 35.B. Gutin, N. Cucuzzo, S. Islam, C. Smith, and M. E. Stachura, “Physical training, lifestyle education, and coronary risk factors in obese girls,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 19–23, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus 36.M. S. Litaker, P. Barbeau, M. C. Humphries, and B. Gutin, “Comparison of hologic QDR-1000/W and 4500W DXA scanners in 13- To 18-year olds,” Obesity Research, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1545–1552, 2003. View at Scopus 37. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report,” Washington, DC, USA, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention & Health Promotion, pp. 15–20, U.S. GPO, Washington, DC, USA, 2008. 38.J. F. Sallis and B. E. Saelens, “Assessment of physical activity by self-report: status, limitations, and future directions. Research quarterly for exercise and sport,” Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 71, supplement 2, pp. 1–14, 2000. View at Scopus

    PY - 2010/8/31

    Y1 - 2010/8/31

    N2 - Objective. To determine if a 10-month after-school physical activity (PA) intervention could prevent deleterious changes in body composition and cardiovascular (CV) fitness in young black boys. Methods. Following baseline measures, 106 boys (8–12 yrs) were randomized to either a control group or an intervention group, further divided into attenders (ATT) and nonattenders (NATT), participating in ≥60% or

    AB - Objective. To determine if a 10-month after-school physical activity (PA) intervention could prevent deleterious changes in body composition and cardiovascular (CV) fitness in young black boys. Methods. Following baseline measures, 106 boys (8–12 yrs) were randomized to either a control group or an intervention group, further divided into attenders (ATT) and nonattenders (NATT), participating in ≥60% or

    U2 - 10.1155/2011/358581

    DO - 10.1155/2011/358581

    M3 - Article

    VL - 2011

    SP - 1

    EP - 8

    JO - Journal of Obesity

    T2 - Journal of Obesity

    JF - Journal of Obesity

    SN - 2090-0708

    ER -