3D weaving and consolidation of carbon fibre T-piece stringers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

3D woven textile reinforced composites allow the optimisation and tailoring of specific material properties into the final component. This paper investigates composite T-section specimens for energy absorption in tensile and Quasi-static crush tests. 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibres orientated in the warp, weft and through-the-thickness directions. Mechanical and physical testing was then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture. The T-section specimens were manufactured using T300 800tex carbon fibre to produce a 3D orthogonal weave with six layers before impregnation with an epoxy resin system. 2D laminate layups with twelve layers were also manufactured and tested as a comparison. It was found that the 3D woven specimens provided better energy absorption than the 2D laminate specimens.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Stringers
Energy absorption
Consolidation
Carbon fibers
Laminates
Textiles
Looms
Composite materials
Epoxy resins
Impregnation
Materials properties
Reinforcement
Compaction
Geometry
Fibers
Testing

Keywords

  • 3D Weaving
  • Textile
  • Through-Thickness Reinforcement

Cite this

@inproceedings{05bea34cdad94caa9cf4e97a4347b429,
title = "3D weaving and consolidation of carbon fibre T-piece stringers",
abstract = "3D woven textile reinforced composites allow the optimisation and tailoring of specific material properties into the final component. This paper investigates composite T-section specimens for energy absorption in tensile and Quasi-static crush tests. 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibres orientated in the warp, weft and through-the-thickness directions. Mechanical and physical testing was then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture. The T-section specimens were manufactured using T300 800tex carbon fibre to produce a 3D orthogonal weave with six layers before impregnation with an epoxy resin system. 2D laminate layups with twelve layers were also manufactured and tested as a comparison. It was found that the 3D woven specimens provided better energy absorption than the 2D laminate specimens.",
keywords = "3D Weaving, Textile, Through-Thickness Reinforcement",
author = "E Archer and AT McIlhagger and Eileen Harkin-Jones and Calvin Ralph and {Mc Garrigle}, Cormac and Geoffrey Neale and Monali Dahale and Andrew Hardman",
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3D weaving and consolidation of carbon fibre T-piece stringers. / Archer, E; McIlhagger, AT; Harkin-Jones, Eileen; Ralph, Calvin; Mc Garrigle, Cormac; Neale, Geoffrey; Dahale, Monali; Hardman, Andrew.

ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials. 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

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AU - Archer, E

AU - McIlhagger, AT

AU - Harkin-Jones, Eileen

AU - Ralph, Calvin

AU - Mc Garrigle, Cormac

AU - Neale, Geoffrey

AU - Dahale, Monali

AU - Hardman, Andrew

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Y1 - 2018/6/18

N2 - 3D woven textile reinforced composites allow the optimisation and tailoring of specific material properties into the final component. This paper investigates composite T-section specimens for energy absorption in tensile and Quasi-static crush tests. 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibres orientated in the warp, weft and through-the-thickness directions. Mechanical and physical testing was then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture. The T-section specimens were manufactured using T300 800tex carbon fibre to produce a 3D orthogonal weave with six layers before impregnation with an epoxy resin system. 2D laminate layups with twelve layers were also manufactured and tested as a comparison. It was found that the 3D woven specimens provided better energy absorption than the 2D laminate specimens.

AB - 3D woven textile reinforced composites allow the optimisation and tailoring of specific material properties into the final component. This paper investigates composite T-section specimens for energy absorption in tensile and Quasi-static crush tests. 3D multi-layer reinforcements were manufactured on a textile loom with mechanical modifications to produce preforms with fibres orientated in the warp, weft and through-the-thickness directions. Mechanical and physical testing was then conducted to quantify the tow geometry, orientation and the effect of compaction during manufacture. The T-section specimens were manufactured using T300 800tex carbon fibre to produce a 3D orthogonal weave with six layers before impregnation with an epoxy resin system. 2D laminate layups with twelve layers were also manufactured and tested as a comparison. It was found that the 3D woven specimens provided better energy absorption than the 2D laminate specimens.

KW - 3D Weaving

KW - Textile

KW - Through-Thickness Reinforcement

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials

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