"The Northern Ireland Protocol: Current Position and Ways Forward"

Press/Media: Expert Comment


Economic briefing produced by the Institute of Economics Affairs (IEA) in London


Assessment of the Northern Ireland Protocol

Period16 May 2022

Media coverage


Media coverage

  • Title"The Northern Ireland Protocol: Current position and ways forward", Institute of Economics Affairs Briefing
    Degree of recognitionInternational
    Media name/outletInstitute of Economic Affairs Briefing
    Media typeWeb
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    DescriptionAssessment of the NI Protocol published by the leading London-based economics and policy think tank The Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) which referred to my evaluation of the private and public sector annual cost relating to the Protocol:

    "Economist Esmond Birnie estimated that the cost of the Protocol to Northern Ireland so far has been £850 million per year"
    Producer/AuthorInstitute of Economics Affairs (IEA, London)
    PersonsEsmond Birnie


  • Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland economy, political impact on economy, devolution, devolved policies, economic policy, economic growth, UK growth
  • Northern Ireland, economy, long run, institutions, economic growth
  • Northern Ireland Brexit
  • Northern Ireland Protocol
  • Cost of Protocol
  • Economic costs and benefits of the Northern Ireland Protocol