"The Irish Sea border is costing Northern Ireland £850m a year"

Press/Media: Expert Comment


My article in Newsletter


Combined private sector and government spending "cost" annually of impact (on business costs re. imports from GB) plus opportunity cost in terms of high government spending to implement Protocol: £850m in 2020 and 2021, each year.

Period12 Aug 2021

Media contributions


Media contributions


  • Northern Ireland economy, political impact on economy, devolution, devolved policies, economic policy, economic growth, UK growth
  • Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland economy, UK economy, economic growth, productivity, GDP, GVA, economic growth
  • Trade
  • Northern Ireland Protocol
  • Protocol
  • Brexit
  • Business costs
  • Trade frictions
  • GDP