"NI-GB protocol trade frictions now estimated to cost £900m"

Press/Media: Expert Comment


My article in Belfast Telegraph.


My estimate of cost impact of Protocol on goods/materials coming to NI from GB and this compared to the results of the Fraser of Allander forecasting model on the broader, GDP impact of the Protocol

Period23 Dec 2021

Media contributions


Media contributions


  • NI Protocol
  • Protocol
  • Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland economy, political impact on economy, devolution, devolved policies, economic policy, economic growth, UK growth
  • Northern Ireland economy, UK economy, economic growth, productivity, GDP, GVA, economic growth
  • Trade
  • Trade creation
  • trade diversion
  • Brexit