Cited in Daily Mail article providing an assessment of the economic costs and benefits of the proposed bridge from Northern Ireland to Scotland


"Others aren't so sore, though. Economist Dr Esmond Birnie of Ulster University, who has studied the economic impacts of a bridge, believes it would be unlikely to pay for itself in the long run.

""Even on the most generous assumptions it is unlikely that the total measurable economic benefits of such a bridge would come anywhere close to its very considerable cost", he argued".

Period12 Sept 2019

Media contributions


Media contributions


  • Northern Ireland, Scotland, bridge, economic benefits, economic costs